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Publications:  Prof Tim Bale

Webb P, Bale T, Poletti M(2020). Social networkers and careerists: Explaining high-intensity activism among British party members. International Political Science Review vol. 41, (2) 255-270.
Bale T, Webb P, Poletti M(2019). Footsoldiers: Political Party Membership in the 21st Century. Routledge
Bale T, Poletti M, Webb P(2019). Not exactly a mirror image: British parties' members and voters compared. Do Parties Still Represent?: An Analysis of the Representativeness of Political Parties in Western Democracies,
Whiteley P, Poletti M, Webb P, Bale T(2019). Oh Jeremy Corbyn! Why did Labour Party membership soar after the 2015 general election?. British Journal of Politics and International Relations vol. 21, (1) 80-98.
Poletti M, Webb P, Bale T(2019). Why do only some people who support parties actually join them? Evidence from Britain. West European Politics vol. 42, (1) 156-172.
Allern EH, Hansen VW, Otjes S, Rasmussen A, Røed M, Bale T(2019). All about the money? A cross-national study of parties’ relations with trade unions in 12 western democracies. Party Politics
Watts J, BALE T(2018). Populism as an intra-party phenomenon: The British Labour Party under Jeremy Corbyn. British Journal of Politics and International Relations
BALE T, POLETTI M, Webb P(2018). Participating Locally and Nationally: Explaining the Offline and Online Activism of British Party Members. Political Studies
Bale T(2018). Who leads and who follows? The symbiotic relationship between UKIP and the Conservatives – and populism and Euroscepticism. Politics vol. 38, (3) 263-277.
Bale T, Webb P(2018). 'We Didn't See it Coming':. Parliamentary Affairs vol. 71, 46-58.
Bale T(2018). Change—and scepticism—as a constant: Anthony King on parties and party systems. Political Quarterly vol. 89, (1) 38-46.
Webb P, Bale T, Poletti M(2017). ‘All mouth and no trousers?’ How many Conservative Party members voted for UKIP in 2015 – and why did they do so?. Politics vol. 37, (4) 432-444.
Webb P, Poletti M, Bale T(2017). So who really does the donkey work in ‘multi-speed membership parties’? Comparing the election campaign activity of party members and party supporters. Electoral Studies vol. 46, 64-74.
BALE T(2017). Left-of-Centre Parties and Trade Unions in the Twenty-First Century. Left-Of-Centre Parties and Trade Unions in the Twenty-First Century, Editors: BALE, T, Oxford University Press
Szczerbiak A, Bale T(2017). Explaining the absence of christian democracy in contemporary poland. Christian Democracy Across the Iron Curtain: Europe Redefined,
Bale T(2016). The oratory of David Cameron. Conservative orators from Baldwin to Cameron,
Bale T, Webb P(2016). Not as bad as we feared or even worse than we imagined? Assessing and explaining conservative party members' views on coalition. Political Studies vol. 64, (1) 123-142.
Bale T(2016). The Loser Takes It All. Labour and Jeremy Corbyn: A Response to Steve Richards. POLITICAL QUARTERLY vol. 87, (1) 18-19.
Bale T, Webb P(2016). The evolving conservative party membership. David Cameron and Conservative Renewal: The Limits of Modernisation?,
Partos R, Bale T(2015). Immigration and Housing. The Conservative-Liberal Coalition: Examining the Cameron-Clegg Government,
Bale T(2015). Survival on the outside: Assessing Labour in opposition, 2010-2015. Juncture vol. 21, (4) 281-286.
Bale T(2015). If opposition is an art, is Ed Miliband an artist? A framework for evaluating leaders of the opposition. Parliamentary Affairs vol. 68, (1) 58-76.
Partos R, Bale T(2015). Immigration and asylum policy under Cameron's Conservatives. British Politics vol. 10, (2) 169-184.
Bale T(2015). In life as in death? Margaret Thatcher (mis)remembered. British Politics vol. 10, (1) 99-112.
Hampshire J, Bale T(2015). New Administration, New Immigration Regime: Do Parties Matter After All? A UK Case Study. West European Politics vol. 38, (1) 145-166.
Bale T, Webb P(2015). The Conservatives: Their Sweetest Victory?. Parliamentary Affairs vol. 68, 41-53.
Yong B, Bale T(2015). When Second-Best is Still a No-Brainer: Why Labour Should Shoot for a Majority Coalition in May 2015. POLITICAL QUARTERLY vol. 86, (1) 133-140.
Bale T(2014). Portrait of a Party: The Conservative Party in Britain, 1918-1945. ENGLISH HISTORICAL REVIEW vol. 129, (541) 1542-1544.
Bale T, Partos R(2014). Why mainstream parties change policy on migration: A UK case study - The Conservative Party, immigration and asylum, 1960-2010. COMPARATIVE EUROPEAN POLITICS vol. 12, (6) 603-619.
BALE T(2014). Immigration into the mainstream: Conflicting ideological streams, strategic reasoning and party competition. Acta Politica: international journal of political science
Bale T, Bergman T(2014). Captives No Longer, but Servants Still? Contract Parliamentarism and the New Minority Governance in Sweden and New Zealand. Government and Opposition vol. 41, (3) 422-449.
Gruber O, Bale T(2014). And it's good night Vienna. How (not) to deal with the populist radical right: The conservatives, UKIP and some lessons from the heartland. British Politics vol. 9, (3) 237-254.
Bale T(2014). Putting it right? The labour party's big shift on immigration since 2010. Political Quarterly vol. 85, (3) 296-303.
Bale T, Webb P(2014). The selection of party leaders in the UK. The Selection of Political Party Leaders in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies: A Comparative Study,
Webb P, Bale T(2014). Why do tories defect to UKIP? Conservative party members and the temptations of the populist radical right. Political Studies
Webb P, Bale T(2014). Why do tories defect to ukip? Conservative party members and the temptations of the populist radical right. Political Studies vol. 62, (4) 961-970.
Bale T(2013). Concede and move on? One nation labour and the welfare state. Political Quarterly vol. 84, (3) 342-352.
Bale T(2013). European Politics. Palgrave Macmillan
Bale T(2013). European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan
Bale T(2013). The Conservative Party: From Thatcher to Cameron. Polity
Bale T(2013). More and More Restrictive-But Not Always Populist: Explaining Variation in the British Conservative Party's Stance on Immigration and Asylum. Journal of Contemporary European Studies vol. 21, (1) 25-37.
Bale T(2013). Demos: Populism, eclecticism and equidistance in the post-modern world. Ideas and Think Tanks in Contemporary Britain: Volume 2,
BALE T, Hough D, van Kessel S(2012). In or out of proportion? Labour and social democratic parties responses to the radical right. Class Politics and the Radical Right, Editors: Rydgren, J,
Bale T(2012). The Conservatives Since 1945: the Drivers of Party Change. Oxford University Press (Oxford),
Bale T(2012). Whither the Tory left?: The demise of progressive Conservatism. Public Policy Research vol. 19, (2) 84-91.
Bale T(2012). The black widow effect: Why Britain's conservative-liberal democrat coalition might have an unhappy ending. Parliamentary Affairs vol. 65, (2) 323-337.
BALE T(2012). Immigration Policy. Cameron and the Conservatives, Editors: Heppell, T, Seawright, D, Palgrave Macmillan
BALE T(2012). David Cameron, 2005-2010. Leaders of the Opposition, Editors: Heppell, T, Palgrave Macmillan
BALE T(2012). De parias à participants. Les partis de la gauche anticapitaliste en Europe, Editors: Waele, J-MD, Seiler, D-L,
Allern EH, Bale T(2012). Conclusion: Qualifying the common wisdom. Party Politics vol. 18, (1) 99-106.
BALE T(2012). Don’t expect too much: what can Conservative experience tell us about how much Labour will change before the next election?. Renewal vol. 20, (2/3) 22-27.
Bale T, Krouwel A(2012). Down but not out: a comparison of Germany's CDU/CSU with Christian Democratic parties in Austria, Belgium, Italy, and the Netherlands. German Politics
Allern EH, Bale T(2012). Political parties and interest groups: Disentangling complex relationships. Party Politics vol. 18, (1) 7-25.
BALE T(2011). Divided in Victory: the Conservatives and the Republicans. The Legacy of the Crash, Editors: Casey, T, Palgrave Macmillan
Bale T, Hampshire J, Partos R(2011). Having One's Cake and Eating It Too: Cameron's Conservatives and Immigration. Political Quarterly vol. 82, (3) 398-406.
Bale T, Dunphy R(2011). In from the cold Left parties and government involvement since 1989. Comparative European Politics vol. 9, (3) 269-291.
Dunphy R, Bale T(2011). The radical left in coalition government: Towards a comparative measurement of success and failure. Party Politics vol. 17, (4) 488-504.
Bale T(2011). Fresh start or false promise? Lessons from Tory policy reviews. Public Policy Research vol. 18, (2) 115-120.
BALE T(2011). A Leap of Faith and a Leap in the Dark: the Impact of Coalition on the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats. The Cameron-Clegg Government, Editors: Beech, M, Lee, S, Palgrave Macmillan
Bale T(2011). Cabinets and Coaltion Bargaining: The Democratic Life Cycle in Western Europe. PARTY POLITICS vol. 17, (3) 435-437.
Bale T(2011). I don't Agree with Nick: Retrodicting the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition. Political Quarterly vol. 82, (2) 244-250.
Bale T, Van Kessel S, Taggart P(2011). Thrown around with abandon? Popular understandings of populism as conveyed by the print media: A UK case study. Acta Politica vol. 46, (2) 111-131.
Bale T(2011). Illiberal Liberal States: Immigration, Citizenship and Integration in the EU. JCMS-JOURNAL OF COMMON MARKET STUDIES vol. 49, (2) 487-487.
BALE T(2011). Painting their way out of the corner: the Conservatives in opposition. How to Be in Opposition, Editors: Fletcher, N, Biteback Publishing
BALE T(2010). The Conservative Party. Britain at the Polls 2010, Editors: Allen, N, Bartle, J, SAGE
Bale T, Caramani D(2010). Political data in 2009. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL RESEARCH vol. 49, (7-8) 855-867.
Bale T(2010). Ten Years of New Labour. PARTY POLITICS vol. 16, (4) 555-556.
Bale T, Green-Pedersen C, Krouwel A, Luther KR, Sitter N(2010). If You Can't Beat Them, Join Them? Explaining Social Democratic Responses to the Challenge from the Populist Radical Right in Western Europe. Political Studies vol. 58, (3) 410-426.
Bale TIM, Hanley S, Szczerbiak ALEKS(2010). 'May contain nuts'? The reality behind the rhetoric surrounding the British Conservatives' new group in the European Parliament. Political Quarterly vol. 81, (1) 85-98.
Bale T, Van Biezen I(2009). Political data in 2008. European Journal of Political Research vol. 48, (7-8) 859-873.
Bale T(2009). Political Leadership in New Zealand. POLITICAL STUDIES REVIEW vol. 7, (3) 444-445.
Bale T(2009). 'Cometh the hour, cometh the dave': How far is the conservative party's revival all down to david cameron?. Political Quarterly vol. 80, (2) 222-232.
Bale T(2009). Choosing the Tory Leader: Conservative Party Leadership Elections from Heath to Cameron. PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS vol. 62, (2) 364-369.
Bale T(2009). Democratising Conservative Leadership Selection: From Grey Suits to Grass Roots. PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS vol. 62, (2) 364-369.
BALE T(2009). Shaping the Union: Brown's Britain and the EU. When Gordon Took the Helm, Editors: Rush, M, Giddings, P, Palgrave MacMillan
BALE T(2009). The conservatives: trounced, transfixed - and transformed. The Blair legacy, Editors: Casey, T, Palgrave MacMillan
Bale T(2008). Immigration and Integration Policy in Europe: Why Politics - and the Centre-Right - Matter. Routledge
Bale T(2008). 'A bit less bunny-hugging and a bit more bunny-boiling'? Qualifying conservative party change under David Cameron. British Politics vol. 3, (3) 270-299.
Bale T, Van Biezen I(2008). Political data in 2007. European Journal of Political Research vol. 47, (7-8) 877-891.
Bale T, Szczerbiak A(2008). Why is there no christian democracy in Poland - And why should we care?. Party Politics vol. 14, (4) 479-500.
Bale T(2008). Politics matters: A conclusion. Journal of European Public Policy vol. 15, (3) 453-464.
Bale T(2008). Turning round the telescope. Centre-right parties and immigration and integration policy in Europe. Journal of European Public Policy vol. 15, (3) 315-330.
BALE T(2008). Close but no cigar? Newly governing and nearly governing parties in Sweden and New Zealand. New Parties in Government, Editors: Deschouwer, K, Routledge
BALE T(2008). Determining constituency marginality in the UK using the expense claims of MPs. Discussion Papers in Economics vol. 01, (08)
Bale T, Van Biezen I(2007). Political data in 2006. European Journal of Political Research vol. 46, (7-8) 853-866.
Bale T(2007). Europeanizing social democracy? The rise of the party of European socialists. PARTY POLITICS vol. 13, (4) 528-530.
Dunphy R, Bale T(2007). Red flag still flying?: Explaining AKEL - Cyprus's communist anomaly. Party Politics vol. 13, (3) 287-304.
BALE T(2007). Are bans on political parties bound to turn out badly? A comparative investigation of three 'intolerant' democracies: Turkey, Spain and Belgium. Comparative European Politics vol. 5, (2) 141-157.
Bale T(2006). Between a soft and a hard place? The conservative party, valence politics and the need for a new 'Eurorealism'. PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS vol. 59, (3) 385-400.
Bale T, Bergman T(2006). A taste of honey is worse than none at all?: Coping with the generic challenges of support party status in Sweden and New Zealand. Party Politics vol. 12, (2) 189-202.
Bale T(2006). 'All poke and no soak?': Interpreting the labour party. History of the Human Sciences vol. 19, (1) 101-106.
Bale T(2006). New labour: A critique. HISTORY OF THE HUMAN SCIENCES vol. 19, (1) 101-106.
Bale T(2006). PR man? Cameron's conservatives and the symbolic politics of electoral reform. POLITICAL QUARTERLY vol. 77, (1) 28-34.
Bale T, Taggart P, Webb P(2006). You can't always get what you want: Populism and the power inquiry. POLITICAL QUARTERLY vol. 77, (2) 195-203.
Bale T, Boston J, Church S(2005). 'Natural because it had become just that.' Path dependence in pre-electoral pacts and government formation: A New Zealand case study. Australian Journal of Political Science vol. 40, (4) 481-498.
Bale T(2005). 'It's labour, but not as we know it.' Media lesson-drawing and the disciplining of social democracy: A case study. British Journal of Politics and International Relations vol. 7, (3) 386-401.
Bale T(2005). European Christian democracy: Historical legacies and comparative perspectives. PARTY POLITICS vol. 11, (3) 379-381.
Bale T(2003). Cinderella and her ugly sisters: The mainstrem and extreme right in Europe's bipolarising party systems. West European Politics vol. 26, (3) 67-90.
Bale T(2003). 'As you sow, so shall you reap': The New Zealand greens and the general election of 2002. ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS vol. 12, (2) 140-144.
Bale T(2003). Pricking the South Sea Bubble: From Fantasy to Reality in Labour-led New Zealand. Political Quarterly vol. 74, (2) 202-213.
Boston J, Church S, Bale T(2003). The Impact of Proportional Representation on Government Effectiveness: The New Zealand Experience. Australian Journal of Public Administration vol. 62, (4) 7-22.
Bale T, Brivati B(2002). New Labour in Power. Routledge
BALE T(2002). Is the Grass Really Greener? The Rationale and Reality of Support Party Status: A New Zealand Case Study. Party Politics vol. 8, (3) 349-365.
Huntington N, Bale T(2002). New labour: New Christian democracy?. POLITICAL QUARTERLY vol. 73, (1) 44-50.
Bale T, Roberts NS(2002). Plus ça change ... ? Anti-party sentiment and electoral system change: A New Zealand case study. Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics vol. 40, (2) 1-20.
BALE T(2002). Restrictions on the broadcast and publication of pre-election and exit polls: some selected examples. Representation vol. 39, (1) 15-22.
Bale T(2001). New labour, new language?. PARTY POLITICS vol. 7, (2) 259-261.
Bale T(2001). The third way and its critics. PARTY POLITICS vol. 7, (2) 259-261.
BALE T(2001). Playing by the book: success and failure in John Major's approach to prime ministerial media management. Contemporary British History vol. 15, (4) 93-110.
Bale T(2000). Running on empty: 'Modernising' the British and Australian labour parties. POLITICAL SCIENCE vol. 52, (2) 190-191.
BALE T(2000). Field-level CFSP: EU diplomatic cooperation in third countries. Current Politics and Economics of Europe vol. 10, (2) 187-212.
Sanders K, Bale T(2000). The symbolic agenda of a British satellite broadcaster's 1997 general election coverage. JOURNAL OF BROADCASTING & ELECTRONIC MEDIA vol. 44, (3) 487-502.
Sanders K, Bale T, Canel MJ(1999). Prime ministers and news management in conservative Great Britain and socialist Spain. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION vol. 14, (4) 461-486.
Bale T (1999). Broad churches, big theory and one small example - Cultural theory and intra-party politics. CULTURAL THEORY AS POLITICAL SCIENCE. vol. 11, 77-89.
BALE T(1999). Dynamics of a non-decision: the 'failure' to devalue the pound, 1964-7. Twentieth Century British History vol. 10, (2) 192-217.
Sanders K, Bale T, Canel MJ(1999). Managing sleaze: Prime ministers and news management in conservative Great Britain and socialist Spain. European Journal of Communication vol. 14, (4) 461-486.
Bale T(1999). Sacred Cows and Common Sense: The Symbolic Statecraft and Political Culture of the British Labour Party. Ashgate Publishing Limited
BALE T(1999). The "logic of no alternative"? Political scientists, historians and the politics of Labour's past. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations vol. 1, (2) 192-204.
Bale T, Kopecky P(1998). Can young pups teach an old Dog new tricks? Lessons for British reformers from eastern Europe's new constitutional democracies. Journal of Legislative Studies vol. 4, (2) 149-169.
BALE T, Kopecky P(1998). Can young pups teach an old dog new tricks? Legislative lessons for Britain from Eastern Europe's new constitutional democracies. The Journal of Legislative Studies vol. 4, (2) 159-178.
BALE T(1997). A "deplorable episode"? South African arms and the statecraft of British social democracy. Labour History Review vol. 62, (1) 22-40.
Bale T(1997). The labour party since 1979: Crisis and transformation - Shaw,E. PARTY POLITICS vol. 3, (1) 140-142.
BALE T(1997). Towards a 'Cultural Theory' of parliamentary party groups. The Journal of Legislative Studies vol. 3, (4) 25-43.
BALE T, Buller J(1996). Casting doubt on the new consensus: exploring the differences between the Conservative and Labour parties over the social chapter. Review of Policy Issues vol. 2, (1) 59-79.
BALE T(1996). Other people's words: creating a market for the interview material in political science. Politics (Oxford): cutting edge political science in short-article format vol. 16, (1)
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