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Research

Publications: Prof Maurice Kelly

Syed S, Ehsan L, Shrivastava A, Sengupta S, Khan M, Kowsari K, Guleria S, Sali R et al. ( 2021 ) . Artificial Intelligence-based Analytics for Diagnosis of Small Bowel Enteropathies and Black Box Feature Detection . J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr vol. 72 , ( 6 ) 833 - 841 .
Bird V, He FJ, Heritage P, Kelly P, MacGregor G, Martineau A, McCoy D, Montag D et al. ( 2021 ) . The United Kingdom's global health funding cuts will exacerbate inequities . Nat Microbiol
Amadi B, Zyambo K, Chandwe K, Besa E, Mulenga C, Mwakamui S, Siyumbwa S, Croft S et al. ( 2021 ) . Adaptation of the small intestine to microbial enteropathogens in Zambian children with stunting . Nature Microbiology vol. 6 , ( 4 ) 445 - 454 .
Playford RJ, Choudhry N, Kelly P, Marchbank T ( 2021 ) . Effects of bovine colostrum with or without egg on in vitro bacterial-induced intestinal damage with relevance for sibo and infectious diarrhea . Nutrients vol. 13 , ( 3 ) 1 - 16 .
Noble CCA, Sturgeon JP, Bwakura-Dangarembizi M, Kelly P, Amadi B, Prendergast AJ ( 2021 ) . Postdischarge interventions for children hospitalized with severe acute malnutrition: A systematic review and meta-Analysis . American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 113 , ( 3 ) 574 - 585 .
Bwakura-Dangarembizi M, Dumbura C, Amadi B, Ngosa D, Majo FD, Nathoo KJ, Mwakamui S, Mutasa K et al. ( 2021 ) . Risk factors for postdischarge mortality following hospitalization for severe acute malnutrition in Zimbabwe and Zambia . American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 113 , ( 3 ) 665 - 674 .
Ashigbie PG, Shepherd S, Steiner KL, Amadi B, Aziz N, Manjunatha UH, Spector JM, Diagana TT et al. ( 2021 ) . Use-case scenarios for an anti-cryptosporidium therapeutic . PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases vol. 15 , ( 3 )
Kelly M, Croft S ( 2021 ) . Adaptation of the small intestine to microbial enteropathogens in Zambian children with stunting . Nature Microbiology
Chandwe K, Amadi B, Chipunza M, Zyambo M, Kelly P ( 2021 ) . Safety and Ethics in Endoscopic Studies in Children: Evidence From the BEECH Study in Zambia . Journal of tropical pediatrics vol. 67 , ( 1 )
Mushi BP, Mwachiro MM, Buckle G, Kaimila BN, Mulima G, Kayamba V, Kelly P, Akoko L et al. ( 2021 ) . Improving Access to Self-Expanding Metal Stents for Patients with Esophageal Cancer in Eastern Africa: A Stepwise Implementation Strategy . Journal of Global Oncology vol. 7 , 118 - 126 .
Shrivastava A, Adorno W, Sharma Y, Ehsan L, Ali SA, Moore SR, Amadi B, Kelly P et al. ( 2021 ) . Self-attentive Adversarial Stain Normalization . vol. 12661 LNCS ,
Kelly P ( 2020 ) . Starvation and Its Effects on the Gut . Adv Nutr
Maurice J, Lett AM, Skinner C, Lim A, Richardson M, Thomas AP, Summers PA, Vyas K et al. ( 2020 ) . Transcutaneous fluorescence spectroscopy as a tool for non-invasive monitoring of gut function: first clinical experiences . Scientific Reports vol. 10 , ( 1 )
Lee GO, Schillinger R, Shivakumar N, Whyte S, Huq S, Ochieng Konyole S, Chileshe J, Paredes-Olortegui M et al. ( 2020 ) . Optimisation, validation and field applicability of a 13C-sucrose breath test to assess intestinal function in environmental enteropathy among children in resource poor settings: study protocol for a prospective study in Bangladesh, India, Kenya, Jamaica, Peru and Zambia . BMJ Open vol. 10 , ( 11 )
Kayamba V, Kelly P ( 2020 ) . Estimated 24-hour urinary sodium excretion as a risk factor for oxidative stress in Zambian adults: A cross-sectional study . PLoS One vol. 15 , ( 11 ) e0242144 - e0242144 .
Sali R, Adewole S, Ehsan L, Denson LA, Kelly P, Amadi BC, Holtz L, Ali SA et al. ( 2020 ) . Hierarchical Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Multi-category Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Disorders on Histopathological Images . 2020 IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics, ICHI 2020 .
Farthing M, Albonico M, Bisoffi Z, Bundy D, Buonfrate D, Chiodini P, Katelaris P, Kelly P et al. ( 2020 ) . World Gastroenterology Organisation Global Guidelines: Management of Strongyloidiasis February 2018-Compact Version> . J Clin Gastroenterol vol. 54 , ( 9 ) 747 - 757 .
Sinkala E, Vinikoor M, Miyanda Siyunda A, Zyambo K, Besa E, Nsokolo B, Wandeler G, Foster GR et al. ( 2020 ) . Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis in Zambian adults is characterized by increased liver stiffness: A nested case-control study . Heliyon vol. 6 , ( 7 )
Kowsari K, Sali R, Ehsan L, Adorno W, Ali A, Moore S, Amadi B, Kelly P et al. ( 2020 ) . HMIC: Hierarchical medical image classification, a deep learning approach . Information (Switzerland) vol. 11 , ( 6 )
Barr DA, Lewis JM, Feasey N, Schutz C, Kerkhoff AD, Jacob ST, Andrews B, Kelly P et al. ( 2020 ) . Mycobacterium tuberculosis bloodstream infection prevalence, diagnosis, and mortality risk in seriously ill adults with HIV: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data . The Lancet Infectious Diseases vol. 20 , ( 6 ) 742 - 752 .
Hodges P, Kelly P ( 2020 ) . Inflammatory bowel disease in Africa: what is the current state of knowledge? . Int Health vol. 12 , ( 3 ) 222 - 230 .
Kayamba V, Butt J, Waterboer T, Besa E, Choudhry N, Hamasuku A, Julius P, Heimburger DC et al. ( 2020 ) . Molecular profiling of gastric cancer in a population with high HIV prevalence reveals a shift to MLH1 loss but not the EBV subtype . Cancer Medicine vol. 9 , ( 10 ) 3445 - 3454 .
Besa EC, Chandwe K, Banda R, Munalula L, Kalomo L, Amadi B, Kelly P ( 2020 ) . Glucagon-like Peptide 2 Concentrations Vary in Zambian Children During Diarrhoea, in Malnutrition and Seasonally . Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition vol. 70 , ( 4 ) 513 - 520 .
Sinkala E, Vinikoor M, Zyambo K, Besa E, Nsokolo B, Kelly P ( 2020 ) . Propranolol Reduces Portal Vein Diameter in Schistosomal Liver Disease with Portal Hypertension: A Prospective Cohort Study . Am J Trop Med Hyg vol. 102 , ( 4 ) 832 - 837 .
Kayamba V, Zyambo K, Mulenga C, Mwakamui S, Tembo MJ, Shibemba A, Heimburger DC, Atadzhanov M et al. ( 2020 ) . Biomass Smoke Exposure Is Associated With Gastric Cancer and Probably Mediated Via Oxidative Stress and DNA Damage: A Case-Control Study . Jco Global Oncology vol. 6 , 532 - 541 .
Kvalsund M, Kayamba V, Kelly P, Birbeck GL, Mwansa-Thurman C, Sommer IN, Lamers Y, Gardiner J et al. ( 2020 ) . Is folate deficiency a common cause of distal symmetric polyneuropathy in Zambian clinics? . Journal of the Neurological Sciences vol. 409 ,
Choudhry N, Scott F, Edgar M, Sanger GJ, Kelly P ( 2020 ) . Reversal of Pathogen-Induced Barrier Defects in Intestinal Epithelial Cells by Contra-pathogenicity Agents . Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Jumani RS, Spector JM, Izadnegahdar R, Kelly P, Diagana TT, Manjunatha UH ( 2020 ) . Innovations in Addressing Pediatric Diarrhea in Low Resource Settings . ACS Infect Dis vol. 6 , ( 1 ) 14 - 24 .
Liu TC, Vanbuskirk K, Ali SA, Kelly MP, Holtz LR, Yilmaz OH, Sadiq K, Iqbal N et al. ( 2020 ) . A novel histological index for evaluation of environmental enteric dysfunction identifies geographic-specific features of enteropathy among children with suboptimal growth . PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases vol. 14 , ( 1 ) 1 - 21 .
Kowsari K, Sali R, Khan MN, Adorno W, Ali SA, Moore SR, Amadi BC, Kelly P et al. ( 2020 ) . Diagnosis of Celiac Disease and Environmental Enteropathy on Biopsy Images Using Color Balancing on Convolutional Neural Networks . Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing . vol. 1069 , 750 - 765 .
Vinikoor MJ, Sinkala E, Kanunga A, Muchimba M, Zanolini A, Saag M, Pry J, Nsokolo B et al. ( 2020 ) . Eligibility for hepatitis B antiviral therapy among adults in the general population in Zambia . PLoS ONE vol. 15 , ( 1 )
Ndulo N, Peters R, Macgregor K, Imasiku M, Amadi B, Kelly P ( 2020 ) . Infrequent small bowel intestinal bacterial overgrowth in malnourished Zambian children . Pan Afr Med J vol. 35 ,
Furch BD, Koethe JR, Kayamba V, Heimburger DC, Kelly P ( 2020 ) . Interactions of schistosoma and HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review . American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene vol. 102 , ( 4 ) 711 - 718 .
Kelly P ( 2020 ) . The contribution of environmental enteropathy to the global problem of micronutrient deficiency . Proceedings of the Nutrition Society1 - 22 .
Kelly P, Bell L, Amadi B, Bwakura-Dangarembizi M, Vanbuskirk K, Chandwe K, Chipunza M, Ngosa D et al. ( 2019 ) . TAME trial: A multi-arm phase II randomised trial of four novel interventions for malnutrition enteropathy in Zambia and Zimbabwe - A study protocol . BMJ Open vol. 9 , ( 11 )
Louis-Auguste J, Besa E, Zyambo K, Munkombwe D, Banda R, Banda T, Watson A, Mayneris-Perxachs J et al. ( 2019 ) . Tryptophan, glutamine, leucine, and micronutrient supplementation improves environmental enteropathy in Zambian adults: A randomized controlled trial . American Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 110 , ( 5 ) 1240 - 1252 .
Nehanda S, Mulundu G, Kelly P ( 2019 ) . Prevalence of Clostridium difficile and its toxins in hospital patients with diarrhoeal diseases in Lusaka, Zambia . Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene vol. 114 , ( 2 ) 86 - 90 .
Kelly M ( 2019 ) . Transcriptomic analysis of enteropathy in Zambian children with severe acute malnutrition . EBioMedicine
Syed S, Al-Boni M, Khan MN, Sadiq K, Iqbal NT, Moskaluk CA, Kelly P, Amadi B et al. ( 2019 ) . Assessment of Machine Learning Detection of Environmental Enteropathy and Celiac Disease in Children . JAMA network open vol. 2 , ( 6 )
Shrivastava A, Kant K, Sengupta S, Kang SJ, Khan M, Ali SA, Moore SR, Amadi BC et al. ( 2019 ) . Deep learning for visual recognition of environmental enteropathy and celiac disease . 2019 IEEE EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics, BHI 2019 - Proceedings .
Syed S, Shrivastava A, Kant K, Sengupta S, Kang L, Khan MN, Iqbal NT, Sadiq K et al. ( 2019 ) . SOLVING THE STAIN DILEMMA: COMPUTATIONAL IMAGE ANALYSIS TO ADDRESS DIFFERENTIAL TISSUE STAINING COLOR BIAS IN DUODENAL BIOPSIES . GASTROENTEROLOGY . vol. 156 , S914 - S915 .
Srivastava A, Sengupta S, Kang SJ, Kant K, Khan M, Ali SA, Moore SR, Amadi BC et al. ( 2019 ) . Deep learning for detecting diseases in gastrointestinal biopsy images . 2019 Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, SIEDS 2019 .
Kayamba V, Kelly P ( 2019 ) . DELAYED REFERRAL FOR DIAGNOSTIC ENDOSCOPY IS A CONTRIBUTING FACTOR TO LATE GASTRIC CANCER DIAGNOSIS IN ZAMBIA . Health Press vol. 3 , ( 2 ) 14 - 19 .
BOURKE CD, PRENDERGAST A, ROBERTSON R ( 2019 ) . Health Outcomes, Pathogenesis and Epidemiology of Severe Acute Malnutrition (HOPE-SAM): rationale and methods of a longitudinal observational study . BMJ Open
Chifunda K, Kelly P ( 2019 ) . Parasitic infections of the gut in children . Paediatr Int Child Health vol. 39 , ( 1 ) 65 - 72 .
Wallach T, Kummerlowe C, Hughes T, Kelly P, Shalek A, Gartner Z ( 2019 ) . ACCESSIBLE-OMICS: ADVANCES IN SCRNA TRANSCRIPTIONAL SIGNALING AND THE CREATION OF A TRANSCRIPTOMIC ATLAS OF ZAMBIAN ADULTS WITH LIKELY ENVIRONMENTAL ENTEROPATHY . AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE . vol. 101 , 374 - 374 .
Praygod G, Rehman AM, Wells JCK, Chisenga M, Siame J, Jeremiah K, Kasonka L, Woodd S et al. ( 2019 ) . Effects on body composition and handgrip strength of a nutritional intervention for malnourished HIV-infected adults referred for antiretroviral therapy: A randomised controlled trial . Journal of Nutritional Science
Kayamba V, Zyambo K, Kelly P ( 2018 ) . Presence of blood in gastric juice: A sensitive marker for gastric cancer screening in a poor resource setting . PLoS ONE vol. 13 , ( 10 ) e0205185 - e0205185 .
Marie C, Ali A, Chandwe K, Petri WA, Kelly P ( 2018 ) . Pathophysiology of environmental enteric dysfunction and its impact on oral vaccine efficacy . Mucosal Immunology vol. 11 , ( 5 ) 1290 - 1298 .
Mwanza-Lisulo M, Chomba MS, Chama M, Besa EC, Funjika E, Zyambo K, Banda R, Imikendu M et al. ( 2018 ) . Retinoic acid elicits a coordinated expression of gut homing markers on T lymphocytes of Zambian men receiving oral Vivotif, but not Rotarix, Dukoral or OPVERO vaccines . Vaccine vol. 36 , ( 28 ) 4134 - 4141 .
Church JA, Parker EP, Kosek MN, Kang G, Grassly NC, Kelly P, Prendergast AJ ( 2018 ) . Exploring the relationship between environmental enteric dysfunction and oral vaccine responses . Future Microbiol
Chongwe G, Michelo C, Sinkala E, Kayamba V, Nzayisenga JB, Drobniewski F, Kelly P ( 2018 ) . Mycobacterium avium lysate induces matrix metalloproteinase-1 in intestinal tissue and peripheral blood: Observations from selected hospital based Zambian adults . International Journal of Infectious Diseases vol. 71 , 73 - 81 .
Farràs M, Chandwe K, Mayneris-Perxachs J, Amadi B, Louis-Auguste J, Besa E, Zyambo K, Guerrant R et al. ( 2018 ) . Characterizing the metabolic phenotype of intestinal villus blunting in Zambian children with severe acute malnutrition and persistent diarrhea . PLoS One vol. 13 , ( 3 ) e0192092 - e0192092 .
Kayamba V, Nicholls K, Morgan C, Kelly P ( 2018 ) . A seven-year retrospective review of colonoscopy records from a single centre in Zambia . Malawi Med J vol. 30 , ( 1 ) 17 - 21 .
Van Loon K, Mwachiro MM, Abnet CC, Akoko L, Assefa M, Burgert SL, Chasimpha S, Dzamalala C et al. ( 2018 ) . The African Esophageal cancer Consortium: A call to action . Journal of Global Oncology vol. 2018 , ( 4 )
Sinkala E, Zyambo K, Besa E, Kaonga P, Nsokolo B, Kayamba V, Vinikoor M, Zulu R et al. ( 2018 ) . Rifaximin Reduces Markers of Inflammation and Bacterial 16S rRNA in Zambian Adults with Hepatosplenic Schistosomiasis: A Randomized Control Trial . Am J Trop Med Hyg
Syed S, Dinallo V, Iqbal NT, Di Iorio L, Di Fusco D, Guleria S, Amadi BC, Sadiq K et al. ( 2018 ) . High SMAD7 and p-SMAD2,3 expression is associated with environmental enteropathy in children . PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases vol. 12 , ( 2 )
Nsokolo B, Kanunga A, Sinkala E, Zyambo K, Kumwenda D, Chama D, Muyinda G, Vinikoor M et al. ( 2018 ) . Stage of disease in hepatitis B virus infection in Zambian adults is associated with large cell change but not well defined using classic biomarkers . Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg vol. 111 , ( 9 ) 425 - 432 .
Mutengo MM, Mduluza T, Kelly P, Mwansa JCL, Kwenda G, Musonda P, Chipeta J ( 2018 ) . Low IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α and High IL-13 Cytokine Levels Are Associated with Severe Hepatic Fibrosis in Schistosoma mansoni Chronically Exposed Individuals . J Parasitol Res vol. 2018 , 9754060 - 9754060 .
Vinikoor MJ, Sinkala E, Kanunga A, Muchimba M, Nsokolo B, Chilengi R, Wandeler G, Mulenga J et al. ( 2018 ) . Chronic hepatitis B virus monoinfection at a university hospital in Zambia . World Journal of Hepatology vol. 10 , ( 9 ) 622 - 628 .
Kayamba V, Shibemba A, Zyambo K, Heimburger DC, Morgan D, Kelly P ( 2018 ) . HIV related hypochlorhydria does not appear to respond to anti-retroviral therapy in Zambian adults: A case control study . Pan African Medical Journal vol. 31 ,
Chen I, Manjunatha U, Gosling R, Diagana T, Spector J, Kelly P ( 2018 ) . PEDIATRIC CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: GAPS IN ACTIONABLE GUIDANCE FOR CLINICAL MANAGEMENT AT THE BEDSIDE . AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE . vol. 99 , 189 - 189 .
Thompson AJ, Hughes M, Anastasova S, Conklin LS, Thomas T, Leggett C, Faubion WA, Miller TJ et al. ( 2017 ) . Position paper: The potential role of optical biopsy in the study and diagnosis of environmental enteric dysfunction . Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol vol. 14 , ( 12 ) 727 - 738 .
Kaonga P, Kaimoyo E, Besa E, Zyambo K, Sinkala E, Kelly P ( 2017 ) . Direct Biomarkers of Microbial Translocation Correlate with Immune Activation in Adult Zambians with Environmental Enteropathy and Hepatosplenic Schistosomiasis . Am J Trop Med Hyg vol. 97 , ( 5 ) 1603 - 1610 .
Filteau S, PrayGod G, Woodd SL, Friis H, Heimburger DC, Koethe JR, Kelly P, Kasonka L et al. ( 2017 ) . Nutritional status is the major factor affecting grip strength of African HIV patients before and during antiretroviral treatment . Trop Med Int Health vol. 22 , ( 10 ) 1302 - 1313 .
Andrews B, Semler MW, Muchemwa L, Kelly P, Lakhi S, Heimburger DC, Mabula C, Bwalya M et al. ( 2017 ) . Effect of an Early Resuscitation Protocol on In-hospital Mortality Among Adults With Sepsis and Hypotension: A Randomized Clinical Trial . JAMA vol. 318 , ( 13 ) 1233 - 1240 .
Kayamba V, Shibemba A, Zyambo K, Heimburger DC, Morgan DR, Kelly P ( 2017 ) . High prevalence of gastric intestinal metaplasia detected by confocal laser endomicroscopy in Zambian adults . PLoS One vol. 12 , ( 9 ) e0184272 - e0184272 .
Amadi B, Besa E, Zyambo K, Kaonga P, Louis-Auguste J, Chandwe K, Tarr PI, Denno DM et al. ( 2017 ) . Impaired Barrier Function and Autoantibody Generation in Malnutrition Enteropathy in Zambia . EBioMedicine vol. 22 , 191 - 199 .
Louis-Auguste J, Kelly P ( 2017 ) . Tropical Enteropathies . Curr Gastroenterol Rep vol. 19 , ( 7 ) 29 - 29 .
Kayamba V, Heimburger DC, Morgan DR, Atadzhanov M, Kelly P ( 2017 ) . Exposure to biomass smoke as a risk factor for oesophageal and gastric cancer in low-income populations: A systematic review . Malawi Med J vol. 29 , ( 2 ) 212 - 217 .
Rehman AM, Woodd SL, Heimburger DC, Koethe JR, Friis H, PrayGod G, Kasonka L, Kelly P et al. ( 2017 ) . Changes in serum phosphate and potassium and their effects on mortality in malnourished African HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy and given vitamins and minerals in lipid-based nutritional supplements: secondary analysis from the Nutritional Support for African Adults Starting Antiretroviral Therapy (NUSTART) trial . Br J Nutr vol. 117 , ( 6 ) 814 - 821 .
Chongwe G, Michelo C, Kelly P ( 2017 ) . Diagnostic yield of nontuberculous mycobacteria in patients booked for endoscopy at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka . BMC Res Notes vol. 10 , ( 1 ) 27 - 27 .
Owino V, Ahmed T, Freemark M, Kelly P, Loy A, Manary M, Loechl C ( 2016 ) . Environmental enteric dysfunction and growth failure/stunting in global child health . Pediatrics vol. 138 , ( 6 )
Simuyandi M, Kapulu M, Kelly P ( 2016 ) . Anti-microbial peptide gene expression during oral vaccination: analysis of a randomized controlled trial . Clinical and Experimental Immunology vol. 186 , ( 2 ) 205 - 213 .
Woodd SL, Kelly P, Koethe JR, Praygod G, Rehman AM, Chisenga M, Siame J, Heimburger DC et al. ( 2016 ) . Risk factors for mortality among malnourished HIV-infected adults eligible for antiretroviral therapy . BMC Infectious Diseases vol. 16 , ( 1 )
Trehan I, Kelly P, Shaikh N, Manary MJ ( 2016 ) . New insights into environmental enteric dysfunction . Archives of Disease in Childhood vol. 101 , ( 8 ) 741 - 744 .
Faubion WA, Camilleri M, Murray JA, Kelly P, Amadi B, Kosek MN, Enders F, Larson J et al. ( 2016 ) . Improving the detection of environmental enteric dysfunction: a lactulose, rhamnose assay of intestinal permeability in children aged under 5 years exposed to poor sanitation and hygiene . BMJ Glob Health vol. 1 , ( 1 ) e000066 - e000066 .
Prendergast AJ, Kelly P ( 2016 ) . Interactions between intestinal pathogens, enteropathy and malnutrition in developing countries . Curr Opin Infect Dis vol. 29 , ( 3 ) 229 - 236 .
Munkombwe D, Muungo TL, Michelo C, Kelly P, Chirwa S, Filteau S ( 2016 ) . Lipid-based nutrient supplements containing vitamins and minerals attenuate renal electrolyte loss in HIV/AIDS patients starting antiretroviral therapy: A randomized controlled trial in Zambia . Clin Nutr ESPEN vol. 13 , e8 - e14 .
Kelly P, Besa E, Zyambo K, Louis-Auguste J, Lees J, Banda T, Soko R, Banda R et al. ( 2016 ) . Endomicroscopic and Transcriptomic Analysis of Impaired Barrier Function and Malabsorption in Environmental Enteropathy . PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases vol. 10 , ( 4 )
Praygod G, Blevins M, Woodd S, Rehman AM, Jeremiah K, Friis H, Kelly P, Changalucha J et al. ( 2016 ) . A longitudinal study of systemic inflammation and recovery of lean body mass among malnourished HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy in Tanzania and Zambia . European Journal of Clinical Nutrition vol. 70 , ( 4 ) 499 - 504 .
Chisenga CC, Kelly P ( 2016 ) . T cell subset profile in healthy Zambian adults at the University Teaching Hospital . Pan Afr Med J vol. 23 , 103 - 103 .
Asombang AW, Kayamba V, Lisulo MM, Trinkaus K, Mudenda V, Sinkala E, Mwanamakondo S, Banda T et al. ( 2016 ) . Esophageal squamous cell cancer in a highly endemic Region . World Journal of Gastroenterology vol. 22 , ( 9 ) 2811 - 2817 .
Amadi B, Imikendu M, Sakala M, Banda R, KELLY MP ( 2016 ) . Integration of HIV care into community management of acute childhood malnutrition permits good outcomes: retrospective analysis of three years of a programme in Lusaka . PLoS One vol. 11 , e0149218 - e0149218 .
Amadi B, Imikendu M, Sakala M, Banda R, Kelly P ( 2016 ) . Integration of HIV care into community management of acute childhood malnutrition permits good outcomes: Retrospective analysis of three years of a programme in Lusaka . PLoS ONE vol. 11 , ( 3 )
Rosa G, Kelly P, Clasen T ( 2016 ) . Consistency of Use and Effectiveness of Household Water Treatment Practices Among Urban and Rural Populations Claiming to Treat Their Drinking Water at Home: A Case Study in Zambia . Am J Trop Med Hyg vol. 94 , ( 2 ) 445 - 455 .
Sinkala E, Kapulu MC, Besa E, Zyambo K, Chisoso NJ, Foster GR, Kelly P ( 2016 ) . Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis is characterised by high blood markers of translocation, inflammation and fibrosis . Liver International vol. 36 , ( 1 ) 145 - 150 .
Kayamba V, Monze M, Asombang AW, Zyambo K, Kelly P ( 2016 ) . Serological response to Epstein-Barr virus early antigen is associated with gastric cancer and human immunodeficiency virus infection in Zambian adults: A case-control study . Pan African Medical Journal vol. 23 ,
Kayamba V, Sinkala E, Mwanamakondo S, Soko R, Kawimbe B, Amadi B, Zulu I, Nzaisenga JB et al. ( 2015 ) . Trends in upper gastrointestinal diagnosis over four decades in Lusaka, Zambia: A retrospective analysis of endoscopic findings . BMC Gastroenterology vol. 15 , ( 1 )
Mwanza-Lisulo M, Kelly P ( 2015 ) . Potential for use of retinoic acid as an oral vaccine adjuvant . Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences vol. 370 , ( 1671 )
Chisenga CC, Filteau S, Siame J, Chisenga M, Prendergast AJ, Kelly P ( 2015 ) . T-cell subsets predict mortality in malnourished Zambian adults initiating antiretroviral therapy . PLoS ONE vol. 10 , ( 6 )
Rehman AM, Woodd S, PrayGod G, Chisenga M, Siame J, Koethe JR, Heimburger DC, Kelly P et al. ( 2015 ) . Effects on anthropometry and appetite of vitamins and minerals given in lipid nutritional supplements for malnourished HIV-infected adults referred for antiretroviral therapy: Results from the NUSTART randomized controlled trial . Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes vol. 68 , ( 4 ) 405 - 412 .
Kayamba V, Bateman AC, Asombang AW, Shibemba A, Zyambo K, Banda T, Soko R, Kelly P ( 2015 ) . HIV infection and domestic smoke exposure, but not human papillomavirus, are risk factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Zambia: A case-control study . Cancer Medicine vol. 4 , ( 4 ) 588 - 595 .
Rehman AM, Woodd S, Chisenga M, Siame J, Sampson G, PrayGod G, Koethe JR, Kelly P et al. ( 2015 ) . Appetite testing in HIV-infected African adults recovering from malnutrition and given antiretroviral therapy . Public Health Nutr vol. 18 , ( 4 ) 742 - 751 .
Bestawros M, Chidumayo T, Blevins M, Canipe A, Bala J, Kelly P, Filteau S, Shepherd BE et al. ( 2015 ) . Increased systemic inflammation is associated with cardiac and vascular dysfunction over the first 12 weeks of antiretroviral therapy among undernourished, HIV-infected adults in Southern Africa . J AIDS Clin Res vol. 6 , ( 3 )
Andersen AB, Thurnham D, Tomkins A, Mussa K, Masilingi C, Fue E, Masesa E, Mpandachalo N et al. ( 2015 ) . Effects on mortality of a nutritional intervention for malnourished HIV-infected adults referred for antiretroviral therapy: A randomised controlled trial . BMC Medicine vol. 13 , ( 1 )
James P, Friis H, Woodd S, Rehman AM, PrayGod G, Kelly P, Koethe JR, Filteau S ( 2015 ) . Minimal impact of an iron-fortified lipid-based nutrient supplement on Hb and iron status: A randomised controlled trial in malnourished HIV-positive African adults starting antiretroviral therapy . British Journal of Nutrition vol. 114 , ( 3 ) 387 - 397 .
Mandala WL, Cowan FM, Lalloo DG, Wilkinson RJ, Kelly P, Chidzonga MM, Michelo C, Gomo E et al. ( 2014 ) . Southern Africa consortium for research excellence (SACORE): successes and challenges . Lancet Glob Health vol. 2 , ( 12 ) e691 - e692 .
Andrews B, Muchemwa L, Kelly P, Lakhi S, Heimburger DC, Bernard GR ( 2014 ) . Simplified severe sepsis protocol: a randomized controlled trial of modified early goal-directed therapy in Zambia . Crit Care Med vol. 42 , ( 11 ) 2315 - 2324 .
Canipe A, Chidumayo T, Blevins M, Bestawros M, Bala J, Kelly P, Filteau S, Shepherd BE et al. ( 2014 ) . A 12 week longitudinal study of microbial translocation and systemic inflammation in undernourished HIV-infected Zambians initiating antiretroviral therapy . BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES vol. 14 , Article ARTN 521 ,
Kelly P, Saloojee H, Chen JY, Chung RT ( 2014 ) . Noncommunicable diseases in HIV infection in low- and middle-income countries: gastrointestinal, hepatic, and nutritional aspects . J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr vol. 67 Suppl 1 , S79 - S86 .
Kayamba V, Chomba M, Kelly P ( 2014 ) . Short term micronutrient-antioxidant supplementation has no impact on a serological marker of gastric atrophy in Zambian adults: retrospective analysis of a randomised controlled trial . BMC Gastroenterol vol. 14 ,
Lisulo MM, Kapulu MC, Banda R, Sinkala E, Kayamba V, Sianongo S, Kelly P ( 2014 ) . Adjuvant potential of low dose all-trans retinoic acid during oral typhoid vaccination in Zambian men . Clin Exp Immunol vol. 175 , ( 3 ) 468 - 475 .
Jacobs C, Chiluba C, Phiri C, Lisulo MM, Chomba M, Hill PC, Ijaz S, Kelly P ( 2014 ) . Seroepidemiology of hepatitis E virus infection in an urban population in Zambia: strong association with HIV and environmental enteropathy . J Infect Dis vol. 209 , ( 5 ) 652 - 657 .
Louis-Auguste J, Greenwald S, Simuyandi M, Soko R, Banda R, Kelly P ( 2014 ) . High dose multiple micronutrient supplementation improves villous morphology in environmental enteropathy without HIV enteropathy: results from a double-blind randomised placebo controlled trial in Zambian adults . BMC Gastroenterol vol. 14 ,
Zulu JM, Lisulo MM, Besa E, Kaonga P, Chisenga CC, Chomba M, Simuyandi M, Banda R et al. ( 2014 ) . Improving validity of informed consent for biomedical research in Zambia using a laboratory exposure intervention . PLoS One vol. 9 , ( 9 )
Peletz R, Simuyandi M, Simunyama M, Sarenje K, Kelly P, Clasen T ( 2013 ) . Follow-up study to assess the use and performance of household filters in Zambia . Am J Trop Med Hyg vol. 89 , ( 6 ) 1190 - 1194 .
Kelly P ( 2013 ) . Diarrhoea in children and Cryptosporidium . Lancet vol. 382 , ( 9904 )
Payne L, Turner-Moss E, Mutengo M, Asombang AW, Kelly P ( 2013 ) . Prevalence of schistosome antibodies with hepatosplenic signs and symptoms among patients from Kaoma, Western Province, Zambia . BMC Research Notes vol. 6 , ( 1 )
Asombang AW, Turner-Moss E, Seetharam A, Kelly P ( 2013 ) . Gastroenterology training in a resource-limited setting: Zambia, Southern Africa . WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY vol. 19 , ( 25 ) 3996 - 4000 .
Asombang AW, Kayamba V, Mwanza-Lisulo M, Colditz G, Mudenda V, Yarasheski K, Chott R, Rubin DC et al. ( 2013 ) . Gastric cancer in Zambian adults: a prospective case-control study that assessed dietary intake and antioxidant status by using urinary isoprostane excretion . Am J Clin Nutr vol. 97 , ( 5 ) 1029 - 1035 .
Kayamba V, Asombang AW, Mudenda V, Lisulo MM, Sinkala E, Mwanamakondo S, Mweemba I, Kelly P ( 2013 ) . Gastric adenocarcinoma in Zambia: a case-control study of HIV, lifestyle risk factors, and biomarkers of pathogenesis . S Afr Med J vol. 103 , ( 4 ) 255 - 259 .
Kelly P ( 2013 ) . Protozoal gastrointestinal infections . Medicine (United Kingdom) vol. 41 , ( 12 ) 705 - 708 .
Peletz R, Simunyama M, Sarenje K, Baisley K, Filteau S, Kelly P, Clasen T ( 2012 ) . Assessing Water Filtration and Safe Storage in Households with Young Children of HIV-Positive Mothers: A Randomized, Controlled Trial in Zambia . PLOS ONE vol. 7 , ( 10 ) Article ARTN e46548 ,
Banda R, Yambayamba V, Lalusha BD, Sinkala E, Kapulu MC, Kelly P ( 2012 ) . Safety of live, attenuated oral vaccines in HIV-infected Zambian adults: oral vaccines in HIV . Vaccine vol. 30 , ( 38 ) 5656 - 5660 .
Yonova-Doing E, Atadzhanov M, Quadri M, Kelly P, Shawa N, Musonda STS, Simons EJ, Breedveld GJ et al. ( 2012 ) . Analysis of LRRK2, SNCA, Parkin, PINK1, and DJ-1 in Zambian patients with Parkinson's disease . PARKINSONISM & RELATED DISORDERS vol. 18 , ( 5 ) 567 - 571 .
Prendergast A, Kelly P ( 2012 ) . Enteropathies in the developing world: neglected effects on global health . Am J Trop Med Hyg vol. 86 , ( 5 ) 756 - 763 .
Asombang AW, Kelly P ( 2012 ) . Gastric cancer in Africa: what do we know about incidence and risk factors? . Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg vol. 106 , ( 2 ) 69 - 74 .
Kelly P ( 2011 ) . Diarrhoeal disease . CLIN MED vol. 11 , ( 5 ) 488 - 491 .
Kelly P ( 2011 ) . Treatment and prevention of cryptosporidiosis: what options are there for a country like Zambia? . Parasitology vol. 138 , ( 12 ) 1488 - 1491 .
Peletz R, Simuyandi M, Sarenje K, Baisley K, Kelly P, Filteau S, Clasen T ( 2011 ) . Drinking water quality, feeding practices, and diarrhea among children under 2 years of HIV-positive mothers in peri-urban Zambia . Am J Trop Med Hyg vol. 85 , ( 2 ) 318 - 326 .
Psutka R, Peletz R, Michela S, Kelly P, Clasen T ( 2011 ) . Assessing the Microbiological Performance and Potential Cost of Boiling Drinking Water in Urban Zambia . ENVIRON SCI TECHNOL vol. 45 , ( 14 ) 6095 - 6101 .
Hardwick RJ, Machado LR, Zuccherato LW, Antolinos S, Xue YL, Shawa N, Gilman RH, Cabrera L et al. ( 2011 ) . A Worldwide Analysis of Beta-Defensin Copy Number Variation Suggests Recent Selection of a High-Expressing DEFB103 Gene Copy in East Asia . HUM MUTAT vol. 32 , ( 7 ) 743 - 750 .
Kapulu MC, Simuyandi M, Sianongo S, Mutale M, Katubulushi M, Kelly P ( 2011 ) . Differential changes in expression of intestinal antimicrobial peptide genes during Ascaris lumbricoides infection in Zambian adults do not respond to helminth eradication . J Infect Dis vol. 203 , ( 10 ) 1464 - 1473 .
Kelly P ( 2011 ) . Undernutrition . Nutrition and Metabolism: Second Edition ,
Sinkala E, Katubulushi M, Sianongo S, Obwaller A, Kelly P ( 2011 ) . In a trial of the use of miltefosine to treat HIV-related cryptosporidiosis in Zambian adults, extreme metabolic disturbances contribute to high mortality . Ann Trop Med Parasitol vol. 105 , ( 2 ) 129 - 134 .
Kelly P ( 2011 ) . Infectious diarrhoea . Medicine vol. 39 , ( 4 ) 201 - 206 .
Papadia C, Kelly P, Caini S, Corazza GR, Shawa T, Franze A, Forbes A, Di Sabatino A ( 2010 ) . Plasma citrulline as a quantitative biomarker of HIV-associated villous atrophy in a tropical enteropathy population . CLIN NUTR vol. 29 , ( 6 ) 795 - 800 .
Lubeya M, Muloshi C, Baboo KS, Sianongo S, Kelly P ( 2010 ) . Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis . Lancet vol. 376 , ( 9753 )
Yonova E, Atadzhanov M, Kelly P, Mwaba P, Kamanga B, Shawa N, Simons E, Breedveld G et al. ( 2010 ) . A Molecular Genetic Study of Parkinson's Disease in Zambia . MOVEMENT DISORD vol. 25 , S726 - S726 .
Dhaliwal W, Shawa T, Khanam M, Jagatiya P, Simuyandi M, Ndulo N, Bevins CL, Sanderson IR et al. ( 2010 ) . Intestinal antimicrobial gene expression: impact of micronutrients in malnourished adults during a randomized trial . J Infect Dis vol. 202 , ( 6 ) 971 - 978 .
Kelly P, Shawa T, Mwanamakondo S, Soko R, Smith G, Barclay GR, Sanderson IR ( 2010 ) . Gastric and intestinal barrier impairment in tropical enteropathy and HIV: limited impact of micronutrient supplementation during a randomised controlled trial . BMC Gastroenterol vol. 10 ,
Kelly P ( 2010 ) . Nutrition, intestinal defence and the microbiome . Proc Nutr Soc vol. 69 , ( 2 ) 261 - 268 .
Kingori P, Muchimba M, Sikateyo B, Amadi B, Kelly P ( 2010 ) . 'Rumours' and clinical trials: a retrospective examination of a paediatric malnutrition study in Zambia . BMC Public Health vol. 10 , 556 - 556 .
Lubeya M, Muloshi C, Baboo KS, Sianongo S, Kelly P ( 2010 ) . Africa is desperate for praziquantel . Lancet vol. 376 , ( 9740 ) 496 - 498 .
Amadi B, Mwiya M, Sianongo S, Payne L, Watuka A, Katubulushi M, Kelly P ( 2009 ) . High dose prolonged treatment with nitazoxanide is not effective for cryptosporidiosis in HIV positive Zambian children: a randomised controlled trial . BMC Infect Dis vol. 9 ,
Kelly P, Editorial Board of the Medical Journal of Zambia ( 2009 ) . Comment on: Influence of temperature and rainfall on the evolution of cholera epidemics in Lusaka, Zambia, 2003-2006: analysis of a time series . Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg vol. 103 , ( 11 )
Dhaliwal W, Kelly P, Bajaj-Elliott M ( 2009 ) . Differential effects of Staphylococcal enterotoxin B-mediated immune activation on intestinal defensins . Clin Exp Immunol vol. 156 , ( 2 ) 263 - 270 .
Sinkala E, Gray S, Zulu I, Mudenda V, Zimba L, Vermund SH, Drobniewski F, Kelly P ( 2009 ) . Clinical and ultrasonographic features of abdominal tuberculosis in HIV positive adults in Zambia . BMC Infect Dis vol. 9 ,
Amadi B, Fagbemi AO, Kelly P, Mwiya M, Torrente F, Salvestrini C, Day R, Golden MH et al. ( 2009 ) . Reduced production of sulfated glycosaminoglycans occurs in Zambian children with kwashiorkor but not marasmus . Am J Clin Nutr vol. 89 , ( 2 ) 592 - 600 .
Kelly P, Todd J, Sianongo S, Mwansa J, Sinsungwe H, Katubulushi M, Farthing MJ, Feldman RA ( 2009 ) . Susceptibility to intestinal infection and diarrhoea in Zambian adults in relation to HIV status and CD4 count . BMC Gastroenterol vol. 9 ,
Dhaliwal W, Kelly P, Bajaj-Elliott M ( 2009 ) . Differential effects of Staphylococcal entertoxin B (SEB)-mediated immune activation on constitutive and inducible small intestine defensins . Clin Exp Immunol vol. 156 , 263 - 270 .
Kelly P ( 2009 ) . Intestinal protozoa . Manson's tropical diseases , Editors: Cook, GC, Manson, P, Zumla, A , Edition. 22nd , Saunders ( [Edinburgh] ),
Kenny J, Kelly P ( 2009 ) . Protozoal gastrointestinal infections . Medicine vol. 37 , 599 - 602 .
Kelly P ( 2009 ) . Vibrio cholerae: genomes and molecular biology . Gut vol. 58 , ( 4 )
Zulu I, Hassan G, Njobvu R N L, Dhaliwal W, Sianongo S, Kelly P ( 2008 ) . Cytokine activation is predictive of mortality in Zambian patients with AIDS-related diarrhoea . BMC Infect Dis vol. 8 ,
Kelly P, Katubulushi M, Todd J, Banda R, Yambayamba V, Fwoloshi M, Zulu I, Kafwembe E et al. ( 2008 ) . Micronutrient supplementation has limited effects on intestinal infectious disease and mortality in a Zambian population of mixed HIV status: a cluster randomized trial . Am J Clin Nutr vol. 88 , ( 4 ) 1010 - 1017 .
Shingadia D, Kelly P ( 2008 ) . HIV and other secondary immunodeficiencies . Walker's pediatric gastrointestinal disease , Editors: Kleinman, RE , B.C. Decker
Farthing MJG, Kelly P, Amadi BC ( 2008 ) . Parasitic and fungal infections . Walker's pediatric gastrointestinal disease , Editors: Kleinman, RE, Goulet, O-J, Mieli-Vergani, G, Sanderson, IR et al. , B.C. Decker ( Ontario ),
Kaile T, Zulu I, Lumayi R, Ashman N, Kelly P ( 2008 ) . Inappropriately low aldosterone concentrations in adults with AIDS-related diarrhoea in Zambia: a study of response to fluid challenge . BMC Res Notes vol. 1 ,
Heikens GT, Bunn J, Amadi B, Manary M, Chhagan M, Berkley JA, Rollins N, Kelly P et al. ( 2008 ) . Case management of HIV-infected severely malnourished children: challenges in the area of highest prevalence . LANCET vol. 371 , ( 9620 ) 1305 - 1307 .
Kelly P, Katema M, Amadi B, Zimba L, Aparicio S, Mudenda V, Baboo KS, Zulu I ( 2008 ) . Gastrointestinal pathology in the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia: review of endoscopic and pathology records . Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg vol. 102 , ( 2 ) 194 - 199 .
Daley A, Randall R, Darsley M, Choudhry N, Thomas N, Sanderson IR, Croft NM, Kelly P ( 2007 ) . Genetically modified enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli vaccines induce mucosal immune responses without inflammation . Gut vol. 56 , ( 11 ) 1550 - 1556 .
Farthing MJG, Kelly P ( 2007 ) . Infectious diarrhoea . Medicine vol. 35 , ( 5 ) 251 - 256 .
Kelly P, Khanam M, Shawa S, Zulu I, Tomkins A, Bevins C, Dhaliwal W ( 2007 ) . Nutrient supplements prevent downregulation of intestinal defensin expression during diarrhoeal disease . GUT . vol. 56 , A142 - A142 .
Kelly P, Khanam M, Shawa S, Zulu I, Tomkins A, Bevins C, Dhaliwal W ( 2007 ) . Nutrient supplements prevent downregulation of intestinal defensin expression during diarrhoeal disease . IMMUNOLOGY . vol. 120 , 81 - 81 .
Hughes S, Kelly P ( 2006 ) . Interactions of malnutrition and immune impairment, with specific reference to immunity against parasites . Parasite Immunol vol. 28 , ( 11 ) 577 - 588 .
Kelly P, Bajaj-Elliott M, Katubulushi M, Zulu I, Poulsom R, Feldman RA, Bevins CL, Dhaliwal W ( 2006 ) . Reduced gene expression of intestinal alpha-defensins predicts diarrhea in a cohort of African adults . J Infect Dis vol. 193 , ( 10 ) 1464 - 1470 .
Turner AK, Beavis JC, Stephens JC, Greenwood J, Gewert C, Thomas N, Deary A, Casula G et al. ( 2006 ) . Construction and phase I clinical evaluation of the safety and immunogenicity of a candidate enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli vaccine strain expressing colonization factor antigen CFA/I . INFECT IMMUN vol. 74 , ( 2 ) 1062 - 1071 .
KELLY MP, Amadi B, Mwiya M ( 2006 ) . Intestinal infection before and after nutritional rehabilitation in children recovering from persistent diarrhoea . Med J Zambia vol. 7 , 19 - 21 .
McDonald V, Kelly P ( 2005 ) . Intestinal coccidia: cryptosporidiosis, isosporiasis . Topley & Wilson Microbiology and Microbial Infection , Editors: Mahy, BWJ , vol. 5: Parasites , Hodder Arnold ( London ),
Atadzhanov M, Adib-Samii P, Fuchs D, Yambayamba V, Kelly P ( 2005 ) . Tryptophan metabolism in HIV positive Zambian adults with peripheral neuropathy . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 238 , S183 - S183 .
Zulu I, Kelly P, Njobvu L, Sianongo S, Kaonga K, McDonald V, Farthing M, Pollok R ( 2005 ) . Nitazoxanide for persistent diarrhoea in Zambian acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients: a randomized-controlled trial . Aliment Pharmacol Ther vol. 21 , ( 6 ) 757 - 763 .
Kelly P, Pereira-Maxwell F, Carnaby S, White I ( 2005 ) . Confidence in polymerase chain reaction diagnosis can be improved by Bayesian estimation of post-test disease probability . J CLIN EPIDEMIOL vol. 58 , ( 3 ) 252 - 260 .
Amadi B, Mwiya M, Chomba E, Thomson M, Chintu C, Kelly P, Walker-Smith J ( 2005 ) . Improved nutritional recovery on an elemental diet in Zambian children with persistent diarrhoea and malnutrition . J Trop Pediatr vol. 51 , ( 1 ) 5 - 10 .
Katubulushi M, Zulu I, Yavwa F, Kelly P ( 2005 ) . Slow decline in CD4 cell count in a cohort of HIV-infected adults living in Lusaka, Zambia . AIDS vol. 19 , ( 1 ) 102 - 103 .
Kelly P, MCDONALD V, Pollok R, Farthing M, Kaonga K, Sianongo S, Njobvu L, Zulu I ( 2005 ) . Nitazoxanide for persistent diarrhoea in Zambian Acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients: a randomized-control study . Aliment Pharmacol Ther vol. 21 , 757 - 763 .
Kelly P ( 2005 ) . Parasites . Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology , Editors: Weinstein, WM, Hawkey, CJ, Bosch, J , Elsevier ( Philadelphia ),
Farthing MJG, Kelly P ( 2005 ) . Protozoal gastrointestinal infections . Medicine vol. 33 , ( 4 ) 81 - 83 .
Kelly P, Menzies I, Crane R, Zulu I, Nickols C, Feakins R, Mwansa J, Mudenda V et al. ( 2004 ) . Responses of small intestinal architecture and function over time to environmental factors in a tropical population . Am J Trop Med Hyg vol. 70 , ( 4 ) 412 - 419 .
Kelly P, Feakins R, Domizio P, Murphy J, Bevins C, Wilson J, McPhail G, Poulsom R et al. ( 2004 ) . Paneth cell granule depletion in the human small intestine under infective and nutritional stress . Clin Exp Immunol vol. 135 , ( 2 ) 303 - 309 .
Kelly P, Zulu I ( 2004 ) . Intestinal protozoa . Principles of medicine in Africa , Editors: Parry, EHO, Godfrey, R , Edition. 3rd , Cambridge University Press ( Cambridge ),
Kelly P, Zulu I ( 2004 ) . The Gut . Principles of medicine in Africa , Editors: Parry, EHO, Godfrey, R , Edition. 3rd , Cambridge Univ ( Cambridge ),
Dhaliwal W, Bajaj-Elliott M, Kelly P ( 2003 ) . Intestinal defensin gene expression in human populations . Mol Immunol vol. 40 , ( 7 ) 469 - 475 .
KELLY MP, Phillips AD, Mwansa JCL, Oloya J, Sikakwa L, Zulu I, Hicks S ( 2003 ) . Escherichia coli enterovirulent phenotypes in Zambians with AIDS-related diarrhoea . Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. vol. 97 , ( 5 ) 573 - 576 .
Guinness L, Walker D, Ndubani P, Jama J, Kelly P ( 2003 ) . Surviving the impact of HIV-related illness in the Zambian business sector . AIDS PATIENT CARE ST vol. 17 , ( 7 ) 353 - 363 .
Pollok RCG, McDonald V, Kelly P, Farthing MJG ( 2003 ) . The role of Cryptosporidium parvum-derived phospholipase in intestinal epithelial cell invasion . PARASITOL RES vol. 90 , ( 3 ) 181 - 186 .
Raeiszadeh M, Fernando N, Holton J, Vaira D, Siavoshi F, Hosseini A, Kelly P ( 2003 ) . Variation in Helicobacter pylori strains from Iran and Zambia . GUT . vol. 52 , A79 - A79 .
KELLY MP ( 2003 ) . Enteric protozoan infections: Coccidia and Microspora . Manson's Tropical Diseases, 20th ed, Cook, G ed. 2nd ed. , Saunders ( London ),
KELLY MP, Shingadia D ( 2003 ) . HIV and other secondary immunodeficiencies . Pedriatric Gastrointestinal Disease, 4th ed. Section III, 39.2 , Editors: Walker, WA, Goulet, O-J, Kleinman, RE, Sanderson, IR et al. , BC Decker ( Hamilton, Ontario ),
KELLY MP, McDonald V ( 2003 ) . Intestinal coccidia: cryptosporidiosis, isosporiasis, cyclosporiasis . Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections: Parasitology, Pt II Protozoa , Editors: Mahy, BWJ , Hodder Arnold ( London ),
Amadi B, Mwiya M, Musuku J, Watuka A, Sianongo S, Ayoub A, Kelly P ( 2002 ) . Effect of nitazoxanide on morbidity and mortality in Zambian children with cryptosporidiosis: a randomised controlled trial . Lancet vol. 360 , ( 9343 ) 1375 - 1380 .
Kelly P, Zulu I, Amadi B, Munkanta M, Banda J, Rodrigues LC, Mabey D, Feldman R et al. ( 2002 ) . Morbidity and nutritional impairment in relation to CD4 count in a Zambian population with high HIV prevalence . Acta Trop vol. 83 , ( 2 ) 151 - 158 .
Mwansa J, Mutela K, Zulu I, Amadi B, Kelly P ( 2002 ) . Erratum: Antimicrobial sensitivity in enterobacteria from AIDS patients, Zambia (Emerging Infectious Disease 8:1 (93)) . Emerging Infectious Diseases vol. 8 , ( 5 )
Zulu I, Veitch A, Sianongo S, McPhail G, Feakins R, Farthing MJG, Kelly P ( 2002 ) . Albendazole chemotherapy for AIDS-related diarrhoea in Zambia--clinical, parasitological and mucosal responses . Aliment Pharmacol Ther vol. 16 , ( 3 ) 595 - 601 .
Mwansa J, Mutela K, Zulu I, Amadi B, Kelly P ( 2002 ) . Antimicrobial sensitivity in enterobacteria from AIDS patients, Zambia . Emerg Infect Dis vol. 8 , ( 1 ) 92 - 93 .
KELLY MP ( 2002 ) . Dientamoeba coli and Balantidium coli . Antimicrobial Therapy and Vaccines , Editors: Yu, VL , Apple Tree Publications ( New York ),
KELLY MP, Mwinga A, Hosp M, Zulu I, Farthing MJG, Mulambo S ( 2002 ) . Tuberculosis preventative treatment also prevented diarrhoea in HIV-infected patients in Zambia . AIDS vol. 16 , 806 - 808 .
Mulcahy HE, Kelly P, Banks MR, Connor P, Patchet SE, Farthing MJG, Fairclough PD, Kumar PJ ( 2001 ) . Factors associated with tolerance to, and discomfort with, unsedated diagnostic gastroscopy . SCAND J GASTROENTERO vol. 36 , ( 12 ) 1352 - 1357 .
Sianongo S, McDonald V, Kelly P ( 2001 ) . A method for diagnosis of microsporidiosis adapted for use in developing countries . Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg vol. 95 , ( 6 ) 605 - 607 .
Veitch AM, Kelly P, Zulu IS, Segal I, Farthing MJ ( 2001 ) . Tropical enteropathy: a T-cell-mediated crypt hyperplastic enteropathy . Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol vol. 13 , ( 10 ) 1175 - 1181 .
Kafwembe EM, Kelly P, Ngalande P ( 2001 ) . Vitamin A levels in HIV/AIDS . East Afr Med J vol. 78 , ( 9 ) 451 - 453 .
Kelly P, Musuku J, Kafwembe E, Libby G, Zulu I, Murphy J, Farthing MJ ( 2001 ) . Impaired bioavailability of vitamin A in adults and children with persistent diarrhoea in Zambia . Aliment Pharmacol Ther vol. 15 , ( 7 ) 973 - 979 .
Amadi B, Kelly P, Mwiya M, Mulwazi E, Sianongo S, Changwe F, Thomson M, Hachungula J et al. ( 2001 ) . Intestinal and systemic infection, HIV, and mortality in Zambian children with persistent diarrhea and malnutrition . J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr vol. 32 , ( 5 ) 550 - 554 .
Veitch AM, Kelly P, Zulu I, MacDonald TT, Farthing MJ ( 2001 ) . Lack of evidence for small intestinal mucosal T-cell activation as a pathogenic mechanism in African HIV-associated enteropathy . Dig Dis Sci vol. 46 , ( 5 ) 1133 - 1138 .
Fernando N, Holton J, Zulu I, Vaira D, Mwaba P, Kelly P ( 2001 ) . Helicobacter pylori infection in an urban African population . J CLIN MICROBIOL vol. 39 , ( 4 ) 1323 - 1327 .
Kelly P, Farthing MJG ( 2001 ) . Intestinal protozoa . Current therapy of infectious disease , Editors: Schlossberg, D , Mosby
KELLY MP, McDonald V, Sianongo S ( 2001 ) . A technique for detection of microsporidia adapted for use in developing countries . Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. vol. 95 , 605 - 607 .
Kelly P, Musuku J, Kafwembe E, Libby G, Zulu I, Murphy J, Farthing MJG ( 2001 ) . Impaired bioavailability of vitamin A in adults and children with persistent diarrhoea in Zambia . Aliment Pharm Therap vol. 15 , 973 - 979 .
KELLY MP, Farthing MJG ( 2001 ) . Protozoal gastrointestinal infections. [Review] . Medicine vol. 29 , 72 - 74 .
Mulcahy HE, Kelly P, Fairclough PD, Ballinger AB ( 2000 ) . Assessing visual quality and coverage of routine diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD): Use of a systematic review model . GASTROINTEST ENDOSC vol. 51 , ( 4 ) AB83 - AB83 .
Zulu I, Kelly P, Mwansa J, Veitch A, Farthing MJ ( 2000 ) . Contrasting incidence of Clostridium difficile and other enteropathogens in AIDS patients in London and Lusaka . Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg vol. 94 , ( 2 ) 167 - 168 .
Zulu I, Kelly P, Veitch A, Mwansa J, Farthing MJG ( 2000 ) . Contrasting incidence of Clostridium difficile in AIDS patients in London and Lusaka . Trans Roy Soc Trop Med Hyg vol. 94 , 167 - 168 .
Kelly P, Jack D, Naeem A, Pollok R, Mandanda B, Klein N, Turner M, Farthing MJG ( 2000 ) . Mannose-binding lectin is a component of innate mucosal defense against Cryptosporidium parvum in AIDS . Gastroenterology vol. 119 , 1236 - 1242 .
Kelly P ( 1999 ) . PCR for Tropheryma whippelii . LANCET vol. 354 , ( 9188 ) 1476 - 1476 .
Kelly PM, Cumming RG, Kaldor JM, Irwig LM ( 1999 ) . A new, clinically-based algorithm for the diagnosis of HIV in African tuberculosis patients: Cross-sectional analysis from Mzuzu, Malawi . International Journal of STD and AIDS vol. 10 , ( 4 ) 231 - 236 .
Pollok RCG, Gyselman VG, Bustin SA, McKay IA, Onwuegbusi B, Poschet JF, Kelly MP, McDonald V et al. ( 1999 ) . IL-8 induction by Cryptosporidium parvum is inhibited by tyrosine kinase inhibitor genestein . GUT vol. 44 , A64 - A64 .
Zulu IS, Kelly P, Veitch AM, Feakins R, Mulenga R, Pobee JOM, Farthing MJG ( 1999 ) . Structural response of small intestinal mucosa to albendazole therapy for enteric disease in Zambian AIDS patients . GUT vol. 44 , A73 - A73 .
Farthing M, Zulu I, Kelly P, Feakins R, Mulenga R, Pobee JOM ( 1999 ) . Structural response of small intestinal mucosa to albendazole therapy for enteric disease in Zambian aids patients . GASTROENTEROLOGY vol. 116 , ( 4 ) A713 - A713 .
Kelly P, Musonda R, Kafwembe E, Kaetano L, Keane E, Farthing M ( 1999 ) . Micronutrient supplementation in the AIDS diarrhoea-wasting syndrome in Zambia: a randomized controlled trial . AIDS vol. 13 , ( 4 ) 495 - 500 .
Kelly P, Farthing MJ ( 1998 ) . Bacterial infections of the gut (excluding enteric fever) . Curr Opin Infect Dis vol. 11 , ( 5 ) 577 - 582 .
Ndubani P, Kelly P, Farthing MJ, Wallman S ( 1998 ) . Local understandings of adult diarrhoeal disease and its treatment in an area of high HIV-seroprevalence in Zambia . Trop Med Int Health vol. 3 , ( 10 ) 783 - 787 .
Kelly P, Makumbi FA, Carnaby S, Simjee AE, Farthing MJ ( 1998 ) . Variable distribution of Cryptosporidium parvum in the intestine of AIDS patients revealed by polymerase chain reaction . Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol vol. 10 , ( 10 ) 855 - 858 .
Nchito M, Kelly P, Sianongo S, Luo NP, Feldman R, Farthing M, Baboo KS ( 1998 ) . Cryptosporidiosis in urban Zambian children: an analysis of risk factors . Am J Trop Med Hyg vol. 59 , ( 3 ) 435 - 437 .
Ballinger A, Kelly P, Hallyburton E, Besser R, Farthing M ( 1998 ) . Plasma leptin in chronic inflammatory bowel disease and HIV: implications for the pathogenesis of anorexia and weight loss . Clin Sci (Lond) vol. 94 , ( 5 ) 479 - 483 .
Pollok RCG, Aljenaibi MM, McLauchlin J, Kelly MP, Farthing MJG ( 1998 ) . Comparison of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blotting in the detection of anti-cryptosporidial antibodies in the investigation of a waterborne outbreak of cryptosporidiosis . GASTROENTEROLOGY vol. 114 , ( 4 ) A1062 - A1063 .
Kelly P, Feldman R, Ndubani P, Baboo K, Timaeus I, Farthing MJG, Wallman S ( 1998 ) . High adult mortality in Lusaka . LANCET vol. 351 , ( 9106 ) 883 - 883 .
Veitch AM, Kelly P, Segal I, Spies SK, Farthing MJG ( 1998 ) . Does sucrase deficiency in black south Africans protect against colonic disease? . LANCET vol. 351 , ( 9097 ) 183 - 183 .
Kelly P, Davies SE, Mandanda B, Veitch A, McPhail G, Zulu I, Drobniewski F, Fuchs D et al. ( 1997 ) . Enteropathy in Zambians with HIV related diarrhoea: regression modelling of potential determinants of mucosal damage . Gut vol. 41 , ( 6 ) 811 - 816 .
Kelly P, Patchett S, McCloskey D, Alstead E, Farthing M, Fairclough P ( 1997 ) . Sclerosing cholangitis, race and sex . Gut vol. 41 , ( 5 ) 688 - 689 .
Kelly P, Baboo KS, Ndubani P, Nchito M, Okeowo NP, Luo NP, Feldman RA, Farthing MJ ( 1997 ) . Cryptosporidiosis in adults in Lusaka, Zambia, and its relationship to oocyst contamination of drinking water . J Infect Dis vol. 176 , ( 4 ) 1120 - 1123 .
Kelly P, Turvill JL, Farthing MJG ( 1997 ) . Evidence for small intestinal 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) release in patients with HIV related diarrhoea . GASTROENTEROLOGY vol. 112 , ( 4 ) A1011 - A1011 .
Pollok RCG, Kelly MP, Veitch AM, Baboo KS, Farthing MJG ( 1997 ) . Humoral immune response to Cryptosporidium parvum in household contacts of patients with cryptosporidiosis in urban Zambia . GASTROENTEROLOGY vol. 112 , ( 4 ) A1063 - A1063 .
Kelly P, Summerbell C, Ngwenya B, Mandanda B, Hosp M, Fuchs D, Wachter H, Luo NP et al. ( 1996 ) . Systemic immune activation as a potential determinant of wasting in Zambians with HIV-related diarrhoea . QJM vol. 89 , ( 11 ) 831 - 837 .
Kelly P, Thillainayagam AV, Smithson J, Hunt JB, Forbes A, Gazzard BG, Farthing MJ ( 1996 ) . Jejunal water and electrolyte transport in human cryptosporidiosis . Dig Dis Sci vol. 41 , ( 10 ) 2095 - 2099 .
Kelly P, Lungu F, Keane E ( 1996 ) . Albendazole may reduce diarrhoea in HIV patients . Nursing times vol. 92 , ( 21 ) 12 - 13 .
Kelly P, Lungu F, Keane E, Baggaley R, Kazembe F, Pobee J, Farthing M ( 1996 ) . Albendazole chemotherapy for treatment of diarrhoea in patients with AIDS in Zambia: a randomised double blind controlled trial . BMJ vol. 312 , ( 7040 ) 1187 - 1191 .
Farthing MJ, Kelly MP, Veitch AM ( 1996 ) . Recently recognised microbial enteropathies and HIV infection . J Antimicrob Chemother vol. 37 Suppl B , 61 - 70 .
Kelly P, Baboo KS, Wolff M, Ngwenya B, Luo N, Farthing MJ ( 1996 ) . The prevalence and aetiology of persistent diarrhoea in adults in urban Zambia . Acta Trop vol. 61 , ( 3 ) 183 - 190 .
Char S, Kelly P, Naeem A, Farthing MJ ( 1996 ) . Codon usage in Cryptosporidium parvum differs from that in other Eimeriorina . Parasitology vol. 112 ( Pt 4) , 357 - 362 .
Veitch AM, Hassan H, Gorard DA, Kelly P, Segal I, Farthing MJG ( 1996 ) . Orocaecal and colonic transit times in an urban black African and white British population . GASTROENTEROLOGY vol. 110 , ( 4 ) A776 - A776 .
CEVALLOS AM, KELLY P, NGWENYA B, LUO N, POBEE JOM, FARTHING MJG ( 1995 ) . ANTIBODY-RESPONSE TO CRYPTOSPORIDIUM-PARVUM IN PATIENTS WITH HIV AND DIARRHEA . GASTROENTEROLOGY vol. 108 , ( 4 ) A794 - A794 .
PANKHURST CL, LUO N, KELLY P, DROBNIEWSKI F, NGWENYA B, FARTHING MJG ( 1995 ) . INTESTINAL MYCOBACTERIA IN AFRICAN AIDS PATIENTS . LANCET vol. 345 , ( 8949 ) 585 - 585 .
DROBNIEWSKI F, KELLY P, CAREW A, NGWENYA B, LUO N, PANKHURST C, FARTHING M ( 1995 ) . HUMAN MICROSPORIDIOSIS IN AFRICAN AIDS PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC DIARRHEA . J INFECT DIS vol. 171 , ( 2 ) 515 - 516 .
FOSTER S, KELLY P ( 1995 ) . USE OF THIACETAZONE . LANCET vol. 345 , ( 8941 ) 62 - 63 .
KELLY P, MCPHAIL G, NGWENYA B, LUO N, KAREW AH, PANKHURST C, DROBNIEWSKI F, FARTHING M ( 1994 ) . SEPTATA INTESTINALIS - A NEW MICROSPORIDIAN IN AFRICA . LANCET vol. 344 , ( 8917 ) 271 - 272 .
Kelly P, Buve A, Foster SD, McKenna M, Donnelly M, Sipatunyana G ( 1994 ) . Cutaneous reactions to thiacetazone in Zambia--implications for tuberculosis treatment strategies . Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg vol. 88 , ( 1 ) 113 - 115 .
Kelly P, Buve A ( 1993 ) . Chemotherapy of African AIDS diarrhoea: a preliminary study . AIDS vol. 7 , ( 1 ) 91 - 93 .
Kelly MP ( 1992 ) . Clinical manifestations of African AIDS . Br J Hosp Med vol. 48 , ( 11 ) 734 - 741 .
KELLY MP, BIELAWSKA C ( 1991 ) . RECURRENCE OF A REACTIVE ARTHRITIS FOLLOWING STREPTOKINASE THERAPY . POSTGRAD MED J vol. 67 , ( 786 ) 402 - 402 .