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Research

Publications: Prof Gavin Giovannoni

Lombardi V, Carassiti D, Giovannoni G, Lu CH, Adiutori R, Malaspina A ( 2020 ) . Author Correction: The potential of neurofilaments analysis using dry-blood and plasma spots (Scientific Reports, (2020), 10, 1, (97), 10.1038/s41598-019-54310-y) . Scientific Reports vol. 10 , ( 1 )
Reyes S, Ramsay M, Ladhani S, Amirthalingam G, Singh N, Cores C, Mathews J, Lambourne J et al. ( 2020 ) . Protecting people with multiple sclerosis through vaccination . Pract Neurol vol. 20 , ( 6 ) 435 - 445 .
Lombardi V, Carassiti D, Giovannoni G, Lu CH, Adiutori R, Malaspina A ( 2020 ) . The potential of neurofilaments analysis using dry-blood and plasma spots . Scientific Reports vol. 10 , ( 1 )
Taylor TR, Jacobs BM, Giovannoni G, Petrushkin H, Dobson R ( 2020 ) . Prevalence and demographics of multiple sclerosis-associated uveitis: a UK biobank study . Mult Scler Relat Disord vol. 43 ,
Mateo-Casas M, Reyes S, O'Toole EA, De Trane S, Yildiz O, Allen-Philbey K, Mathews J, Baker D et al. ( 2020 ) . Severe skin reactions associated with cladribine in people with multiple sclerosis . Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders . vol. 43 ,
Baker D, Amor S, Kang AS, Schmierer K, Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . The underpinning biology relating to multiple sclerosis disease modifying treatments during the COVID-19 pandemic . Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders vol. 43 ,
Giovannoni G, Knappertz V, Steinerman JR, Tansy AP, Li T, Krieger S, Uccelli A, Uitdehaag BMJ et al. ( 2020 ) . A randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial of laquinimod in primary progressive multiple sclerosis . Neurology10.1212/WNL.00000000 - 10.1212/WNL.00000000 .
Chitnis T, Banwell B, Krupp L, Arnold DL, Bar-Or A, Brück W, Giovannoni G, Greenberg B et al. ( 2020 ) . Temporal profile of lymphocyte counts and relationship with infections with fingolimod therapy in paediatric patients with multiple sclerosis: Results from the PARADIGMS study . Mult Scler
Saxena G, Moore JM, Jones M, Pryce G, Ali L, Leisegang GR, Vijay V, Loveless S et al. ( 2020 ) . Detecting and predicting neutralization of alemtuzumab responses in MS . Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation vol. 7 , ( 4 )
Giovannoni G, Galazka A, Schick R, Leist T, Comi G, Montalban X, Damian D, Dangond F et al. ( 2020 ) . Pregnancy Outcomes During the Clinical Development Program of Cladribine in Multiple Sclerosis: An Integrated Analysis of Safety . Drug Saf vol. 43 , ( 7 ) 635 - 643 .
Reyes S, Suarez S, Allen-Philbey K, Thomson A, Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . The impact of social capital on patients with multiple sclerosis . Acta Neurologica Scandinavica vol. 142 , ( 1 ) 58 - 65 .
Kuri A, Jacobs BM, Vickaryous N, Pakpoor J, Middeldorp J, Giovannoni G, Dobson R ( 2020 ) . Epidemiology of Epstein-Barr virus infection and infectious mononucleosis in the United Kingdom . BMC Public Health vol. 20 , ( 1 )
Kappos L, Wolinsky JS, Giovannoni G, Arnold DL, Wang Q, Bernasconi C, Model F, Koendgen H et al. ( 2020 ) . Contribution of Relapse-Independent Progression vs Relapse-Associated Worsening to Overall Confirmed Disability Accumulation in Typical Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis in a Pooled Analysis of 2 Randomized Clinical Trials . JAMA Neurol
Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . Anti-CD20 immunosuppressive disease-modifying therapies and COVID-19 . Mult Scler Relat Disord vol. 41 ,
Dobson R, Jokubaitis V, Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . Change in pregnancy-associated multiple sclerosis relapse rates over time: a meta-analysis . Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
Hobart J, Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . Cognition and its relation to brain health in patients with MS: Response to letter . Mult Scler
Kalatskaya I, Giovannoni G, Leist T, Sorensen PS, Boschert U, Demartino J, Rolfe A ( 2020 ) . Assessing the immune cell subtype reconstitution profile using deconvolution algorithms in patients treated with cladribine in the CLARITY study: findings at the 96-week timepoint . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 26 - 26 .
Narayanan S, Cutter G, Wolinsky J, Freedman MS, Comi G, Giovannoni G, Hartung H, Sedel F et al. ( 2020 ) . Axonal Integrity by MRS at Baseline in the SPI2 Ph3 Trial of MD1003 (hdPB): Effect of Sex, Disease Burden, and Progressive MS Type . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 26 , 84 - 84 .
Foley J, Defer G, Ryerson LZ, Cohen JA, Arnold DL, Butzkueven H, Cutter G, Giovannoni G et al. ( 2020 ) . Baseline characteristics of multiple sclerosis patients enrolled in NOVA, a multicentre, randomised trial to assess the efficacy of natalizumab every-6-weeks dosing . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 212 - 212 .
Smets I, Reyes S, Carrillo-Loza K, Mateo-Casas M, Bianchi L, Holden D, Ammoscato F, Turner B et al. ( 2020 ) . CSF Neurofilament Light Chain for guiding individual treatment decisions in multiple sclerosis . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 475 - 476 .
Vennersch P, Fox RJ, Arnold DL, Giovannoni G, Cree BAC, Bar-Or A, Golds R, Benedict RHB et al. ( 2020 ) . Effect of Siponimod on Grey Matter Atrophy in Patients with Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: Subgroup Analyses from the EXPAND Study . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 478 - 478 .
Arnold DL, Banwell B, Bar-Or A, Ghezzi A, Greenberg BM, Waubant E, Giovannoni G, Wolinsky JS et al. ( 2020 ) . Effect of fingolimod on MRI outcomes in patients with paediatric-onset multiple sclerosis: results from the phase 3 PARADIGMS study . J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry . vol. 91 , 483 - 492 .
Comi G, Soelberg-Sorensen P, Rammohan K, Giovannoni G, Damian D, Jack D, Dangond F, Galazka A et al. ( 2020 ) . Efficacy Outcomes In Cladribine Tablets-treated Patients In CLARITY Were Similar Between Patients Who Did Vs. Did Not Enter CLARITY Extension . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 26 , 43 - 43 .
Comi G, Sorensen PS, Rammohan K, Giovannoni G, Damian D, Jack D, Dangond F, Galazka A et al. ( 2020 ) . Efficacy outcomes in cladribine tablets-treated patients in CLARITY were similar between patients who did vs. did not enter CLARITY extension . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 1136 - 1136 .
Arnold DL, Vermersch P, Cree BAC, Bar-or A, Giovannoni G, Gold R, Piani-Meier D, Arnould S et al. ( 2020 ) . Evidence for Improved Myelination in Patients Treated with Siponimod: Results from the Phase 3 EXPAND MRI Substudy . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 194 - 195 .
Sorensen PS, Centonze D, Giovannoni G, Montalban X, Selchen D, Vermersch P, Wiendl H, Yamout B et al. ( 2020 ) . Expert opinion consensus on recommendations for treating relapsing multiple sclerosis with cladribine tablets in daily clinical practice . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 945 - 946 .
Giovannoni G, Leist TP, Soelberg-Sorensen P, Kalatskaya I, Shafaatian UB, DeMartino J, Rolfe A ( 2020 ) . Increased Naive B Cells, M2 Macrophages, And Decreased Memory B And T Cells During Immune Repopulation In CLARITY Assessed By Immune Cell Deconvolution . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 26 , 65 - 66 .
Giovannoni G, Comi G, Rammohan K, Rieckmann P, Vermersch P, Dangond F, Keller B, Jack D ( 2020 ) . Long-term Disease Stability Assessed by the Expanded Disability Status Scale in Patients Treated with Cladribine Tablets in the CLARITY and CLARITY Extension Studies . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 468 - 468 .
Kappos L, Giovannoni G, Gold R, Fox RJ, Vermersch P, Benedict RHB, Bar-or A, Rouyrres N et al. ( 2020 ) . Long-term Efficacy of Siponimod Treatment for up to 5 Years in Patients with Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: Analysis of the EXPAND Extension Study . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 337 - 337 .
Hauser SL, Kappos L, Giovannoni G, Montalban X, Koendgen H, Wang Q, Manfrini M, Wolinsky J ( 2020 ) . Long-term Reduction Of Relapse Rate And Confirmed Disability Progression After 6 Years Of Ocrelizumab Treatment In Patients With Relapsing MS . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 26 , 45 - 46 .
Gudesblatt M, Srinivasan J, Bumstead B, Zarif M, Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . Multiple Sclerosis Management And EDSS: A Great Start, But A Reason For Change Was Never So Apparent And Needed . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 26 , 33 - 33 .
Yamout B, Giovannoni G, Magyari M, Vermersch P, Merino-Plazas E, Alexandri N, Keller B ( 2020 ) . Preservation of relapse-free status in Year 2 of treatment with cladribine tablets by relapse-free status in Year 1 . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 482 - 482 .
Boyko AN, Correale JD, Edan G, Freedman M, Giovannoni G, Montalban X, Rammohan K, Leist T et al. ( 2020 ) . Rationale, design and feasibility assessment of the Phase IV CLASSIC-MS study evaluating long-term efficacy for patients with multiple sclerosis treated with cladribine tablets . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 200 - 200 .
Vermersch P, Giovannoni G, Soelberg-Sorensen P, Rammohan K, Cook S, Keller B, Roy S ( 2020 ) . Reduction Of Risk Of Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Within Two Years Of Treatment With Cladribine Tablets: An Analysis Of The CLARITY Study . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 26 , 67 - 68 .
Coles AJ, Bass AD, Comi G, Fernandez O, Giovannoni G, Jones J, Kappos L, Havrdova EK et al. ( 2020 ) . Safety of Alemtuzumab Over 9 Years in Patients With Non-MS Autoimmunity . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 681 - 681 .
Vennersch P, Bass AD, Boster A, Chan A, Coles AJ, Comic G, Giovannoni G, Junes J et al. ( 2020 ) . Safety of Alemtuzumab in RRMS Patients During the Peri-infusion Period: Clinical Trial and Postmarketing Experience . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 477 - 477 .
Struga G, Bianchi L, Ammoscato F, Bestwick J, Giovannoni G, Gnanapavan S ( 2020 ) . Safety of Ixazomib Targeting Plasma Cells in Multiple Sclerosis . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 1143 - 1143 .
Gold R, Kappos L, Benedict RHB, Bar-or A, Vermersch P, Giovannoni G, Fox RJ, Hach T et al. ( 2020 ) . Siponimod Slows Physical Disability Progression and Decline in Cognitive Processing Speed in SPMS Patients with Active Disease: A Post Hoc Analysis of the EXPAND Study . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 328 - 329 .
Greenberg B, Rammohan K, Aldridge J, Lebson LA, Dangond F, Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . The effect of cladribine tablets in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who had evidence of disease activity in CLARITY . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 916 - 917 .
Giovannoni G, Pardo G, Ben-Zacharia A, Harty G, Hayward B, Harty G, Jones DL, Rammohan K ( 2020 ) . Time To First Relapse Over The Duration Of Clarity And Clarity Extension In Patients Treated With Cladribine Tablets 3.5 Mg/kg Over Two Years . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 26 , 50 - 51 .
Noyce A, Giovannoni G, Scheltens P, Berg D, Brown L, Dierickx K, Frisoni GB, Georges J et al. ( 2020 ) . Time matters in brain health: how should society prepare for a growing population at risk of neurodegenerative diseases? . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 143 - 143 .
Leddy S, Jacobs BM, Giovannoni G, Dobson R ( 2020 ) . To examine the impact of Multiple Sclerosis on bone health and explore mechanisms for this association . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 981 - 981 .
Cook S, Giovannoni G, Leist TP, Comi G, Syed S, Nolting A, Damian D, Schick R ( 2020 ) . Updated Safety Of Cladribine Tablets In The Treatment Of Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: Integrated Safety Analysis And Post-approval Data . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 26 , 52 - 52 .
Cook S, Giovannoni G, Leist T, Comi G, Syed S, Noltine A, Damian D, Schick R ( 2020 ) . Updated Safety of Cladribine Tablets in the Treatment of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Integrated Safety Analysis and Post-Approval Data . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 27 , 327 - 328 .
Dobson R, Jitlal M, Marshall CR, Noyce AJ, Robson J, Cuzick J, Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . Ethnic and Socioeconomic Associations with Multiple Sclerosis Risk . Annals of Neurology vol. 87 , ( 4 ) 599 - 608 .
Giovannoni G, Hawkes C, Lechner-Scott J, Levy M, Waubant E, Gold J ( 2020 ) . The COVID-19 pandemic and the use of MS disease-modifying therapies . Mult Scler Relat Disord vol. 39 ,
Dobson R, Jacobs B, Giovannoni G, Cuzick J ( 2020 ) . Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between Epstein-Barr virus, Multiple Sclerosis, and other risk factors . Multiple Sclerosis Journal
Chataway J, De Angelis F, Connick P, Parker RA, Plantone D, Doshi A, John N, Stutters J et al. ( 2020 ) . Efficacy of three neuroprotective drugs in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (MS-SMART): a phase 2b, multiarm, double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial . The Lancet Neurology vol. 19 , ( 3 ) 214 - 225 .
Bar-Or A, Pender MP, Khanna R, Steinman L, Hartung H-P, Maniar T, Croze E, Aftab BT et al. ( 2020 ) . Epstein-Barr Virus in Multiple Sclerosis: Theory and Emerging Immunotherapies . Trends Mol Med vol. 26 , ( 3 ) 296 - 310 .
Laurson-Doube J, Rijke N, Costello K, McDonell J, Giovannoni G, Banwell B, Baneke P ( 2020 ) . Health-care disparities for people with multiple sclerosis . Lancet Neurol vol. 19 , ( 3 ) 207 - 208 .
Ali L, SAXENA G, Jones M, Leisegang G, Gammon L, Gnanapavan S, Giovannoni G, Schmierer K et al. ( 2020 ) . A cell-based assay for the detection of neutralizing antibodies against alemtuzumab . BioTechniques: the journal of laboratory technology for bioresearch
Reyes S, Suarez S, Allen-Philbey K, Yildiz Ö, Mathews J, Anjorin G, Edwards F, Jain C et al. ( 2020 ) . Socioeconomic status and disease-modifying therapy prescribing patterns in people with multiple sclerosis . Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders vol. 41 ,
Baker D, Ali L, SAXENA G, Pryce G, Jones M, Schmierer K, Giovannoni G, Gnanapavan S et al. ( 2020 ) . The irony of humanization: Alemtuzumab the first, but one of the most immunogenic, humanized monoclonal antibodies . Frontiers in Immunology vol. 11 , ( 124 )
Saxena GK, Theocharopoulos I, Aziz NT, Jones M, Gnanapavan S, Giovannoni G, Schmierer K, Garnett JA et al. ( 2020 ) . GloBody Technology: Detecting Anti-Drug Antibody against VH/VL domains . Scientific Reports vol. 10 , ( 1 ) Article 1860 ,
Giovannoni G, Hawkes CH, Lechner-Scott J, Levy M, Waubant E ( 2020 ) . Ageing and multiple sclerosis . Mult Scler Relat Disord vol. 38 ,
Baker D, Pryce G, James LK, Schmierer K, Giovannoni G ( 2020 ) . Failed B cell survival factor trials support the importance of memory B cells in multiple sclerosis . European Journal of Neurology vol. 27 , ( 2 ) 221 - 228 .
McDonell J, Costello K, Laurson-Doube J, Rijke N, Giovannoni G, Banwell B, Baneke P ( 2020 ) . World Health Organization Essential Medicines List: Multiple sclerosis disease-modifying therapies application . Mult Scler vol. 26 , ( 2 ) 153 - 158 .
Dobson R, Noyce A, Giovannoni G, jacobs B ( 2020 ) . BMI and low serum vitamin D are causal risk factors for Multiple Sclerosis: a Mendelian Randomisation study . Neurology, Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation
Gold R, Radue EW, Giovannoni G, Selmaj K, Havrdova EK, Montalban X, Stefoski D, Sprenger T et al. ( 2020 ) . Long-term safety and efficacy of daclizumab beta in relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis: 6-year results from the SELECTED open-label extension study . Journal of Neurology
Giovannoni G, Kappos L, Berger J, Cutter G, Fox R, Wiendl H, Chang I, Kasliwal R et al. ( 2019 ) . CHANGES IN NATALIZUMAB EXPOSURE AND PML INCIDENCE OVER TIME . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 90 , E59 - E59 .
Giovannoni G, White S, Mistry N, Calhoun S, Young C, Coutts M, Roberts M, Anderson P et al. ( 2019 ) . DEVELOPMENT OF CLINICAL AND PATIENT-REPORTED QUALITY METRICS FOR MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS: A UK PILOT STUDY REPORT . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 90 , E54 - E54 .
Reyes S, Allen-Philbey K, Suarez S, Yildiz O, Turner B, Gnanapavan S, Schmierer K, Marta M et al. ( 2019 ) . DOES SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS IMPACT ON THE PRESCRIPTION OF DISEASE-MODIFYING TREATMENTS IN PEOPLE WITH MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS? . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 90 , E58 - E58 .
Giovannoni G, Hauser SL, Brochet B, Montalban X, Naismith RT, Wolinsky JS, Hubeaux S, Mehta L et al. ( 2019 ) . LONG-TERM EFFICACY OF OCRELIZUMAB IN RELAPSING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 90 , E56 - E56 .
Allen-Philbey K, Silveira F, Turner B, Giovannoni G, Schmierer K ( 2019 ) . THERE AN ETHNICITY BIAS OF ACCESS TO MS SERVICES? THE BARTS HEALTH EXPERIENCE REVISITED . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 90 , E62 - E62 .
Hobart J, Bowen A, Pepper G, Crofts H, Eberhard L, Berger T, Boyko A, Boz C et al. ( 2019 ) . International consensus on quality standards for brain health-focused care in multiple sclerosis . Mult Scler vol. 25 , ( 13 ) 1809 - 1818 .
Oreja-Guevara C, Potra S, Bauer B, Centonze D, Giambastiani M-P, Giovannoni G, Kesselring J, Langdon D et al. ( 2019 ) . Joint Healthcare Professional and Patient Development of Communication Tools to Improve the Standard of MS Care . Adv Ther vol. 36 , ( 11 ) 3238 - 3252 .
Lombardi V, Carassiti D, Giovannoni G, Lu CH, Adiutori R, Malaspina A ( 2019 ) . Theme 7 Pre-clinical therapeutic strategies . Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis & frontotemporal degeneration vol. 20 , 217 - 245 .
Giovannoni G, Rammohan K, Cook S, Soelberg-Sorensen P, Vermersch P, Keller B, di Cantogno EV ( 2019 ) . Efficacy of cladribine tablets 3.5 mg/kg in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis aged above and below 45 years; clarity and clarity extension . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 405 ,
Giovannoni G, Comi G, Rammohan K, Rieckmann P, Vermersch P, Dangond F, Keller B, Jack D ( 2019 ) . Long-term disease stability assessed by the expanded disability status scale in patients treated with cladribine tablets in the clarity and clarity extension studies . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 405 ,
Giovannoni G, Kappos L, Hauser SL, Montalban X, Koendgen H, Prajapati K, Manfrini M, Mehta L et al. ( 2019 ) . Long-term reduction of relapse rate and confirmed disability progression after 6 years of ocrelizumab treatment in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 405 ,
Vermersch P, Giovannoni G, Soelberg-Sorensen P, Rammohan K, Cook S, Keller B, Roy S ( 2019 ) . Reduction of risk of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis within two years of treatment with cladribine tablets: An analysis of the clarity study . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 405 ,
Giovannoni G ( 2019 ) . Do we have equipoise when it comes to how we treat active multiple sclerosis? . Lancet Neurol vol. 18 , ( 10 ) 909 - 911 .
Giovannoni G, Brex PA, Dhiraj D, Fullarton J, Freddi M, Rodgers-Gray B, Schmierer K ( 2019 ) . Glatiramer acetate as a clinically and cost-effective treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis over 10 years of use within the National Health Service: Final results from the UK Risk Sharing Scheme . Mult Scler J Exp Transl Clin vol. 5 , ( 4 )
Baker D, Jacobs BM, Gnanapavan S, Schmierer K, Giovannoni G ( 2019 ) . Plasma cell and B cell-targeted treatments for use in advanced multiple sclerosis . Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders vol. 35 , 19 - 25 .
Cook S, Giovannoni G, Leist T, Comi G, Nolting A, Sylvester E, Jack D, Damian D et al. ( 2019 ) . An analysis of the relationship between cladribine dose and risk of malignancies in patients with multiple sclerosis . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 319 - 320 .
Cores C, Reyes S, De Trane S, Giovannoni G, Schmierer K, Baker D ( 2019 ) . Are poor depleters worse off? Variation in total lymphocyte reduction following MS treatment with cladribine . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 745 - 746 .
Ammoscato F, De Angelis F, Plantone D, Parker RA, Wheeler-Kingshott CAMG, Pavitt S, Stallard N, Chandran S et al. ( 2019 ) . CSF neurofilament heavy chain release (NfH) is important in secondary progressive MS (SPMS) - results from the MS-SMART trial . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 502 - 503 .
Benedict RH, Arnold DL, Rose J, Cohan S, Lynch SG, Kappos L, Havrdova EK, Khatri B et al. ( 2019 ) . Change in cognitive processing speed is associated with cortical grey matter and thalamic volume loss in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 177 - 178 .
De Trane S, Allen-Philbey K, Stennett A, Yildiz O, Adams A, Turner B, Marta M, Gnanapavan S et al. ( 2019 ) . Cladribine at all stages of MS: two-year follow-up in 154 patients . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 519 - 520 .
Kappos L, Mcguigan C, Derfuss T, Giovannoni G, Oh J, Ren Z, McCarthy K, Chang I et al. ( 2019 ) . Determinants of clinical outcomes for patients with Natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 19 - 20 .
Calabresi PA, Kappos L, Giovannoni G, Plavina T, Koulinska I, Edwards MR, Kieseier B, de Moor C et al. ( 2019 ) . Disease control beyond NEDA: The value of non-clinical disease activity measures to determine treatment response to natalizumab . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 784 - 784 .
Arnold DL, Fox R, Bar-Or A, Cree BAC, Giovannoni G, Gold R, Vermersch P, Meier DP et al. ( 2019 ) . Effect of siponimod on cortical grey matter and thalamic volume in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis - results of the EXPAND study . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 151 - 152 .
Gold R, Kappos L, Bar-Or A, Vermersch P, Giovannoni G, Fox R, Rouyrre N, Karlsson G et al. ( 2019 ) . Efficacy of Siponimod in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis patients with active disease: the EXPAND study subgroup analysis . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 380 - 381 .
Reyes S, Carrillo-Loza K, Mateo M, Bianchi L, Holden D, Ammoscato F, Marta M, Turner B et al. ( 2019 ) . Evidence of the utility of CSF neurofilament light chain measurements in people with MS in clinical practice . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 854 - 854 .
Giovannoni G, Leist T, Soelberg-Sorensen P, Kalatskaya I, Boschert U, DeMartino J, Rolfe A ( 2019 ) . Increase of naive B cells, M2 macrophages and reduction of memory B/T cells during immune repopulation at 96 weeks in CLARITY assessed by immune cell deconvolution . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 514 - 515 .
Giovannoni G, Comi G, Rammohan K, Rieckmann P, Vermersch P, Dangond F, Keller B, Jack D ( 2019 ) . Long-term disease stability assessed by the expanded disability status scale in patients treated with Cladribine tablets in the CLARITY and CLARITY extension studies . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 873 - 874 .
Giovannoni G, Kappos L, Hauser SL, Montalban X, Koendgen H, Prajapati K, Manfrini M, Mehta L et al. ( 2019 ) . Long-term reduction of relapse rate and confirmed disability progression after 6 years of ocrelizumab treatment in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 537 - 538 .
Gudesblatt M, Srinivasan J, Drost T, Bumstead B, Fafard L, Jaenicke K, Buhse M, Zarif M et al. ( 2019 ) . Multiple sclerosis management and EDSS: a great start, but a reason for change was never so apparent and needed . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 628 - 629 .
Bianchi L, Baker D, Giovannoni G, Marta M ( 2019 ) . Neurofilament light chain levels in cerebrospinal fluid and serum of a longitudinal cohort of people with multiple sclerosis on disease modifying drugs . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 734 - 735 .
Dobson R, Jitlal M, Marshall C, Noyce A, Giovannoni G ( 2019 ) . Obesity is not associated with MS in a socially and ethnically diverse population . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 49 - 49 .
Gold R, Giovannoni G, Phillips JT, Bar-Or A, Fox RJ, Chen C, Miller C, Branco F ( 2019 ) . Overall safety and efficacy through 10 years of treatment with delayed-release dimethyl fumarate in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 772 - 773 .
Marta M, Bianchi L, Lieberman D, Ciccarelli O, Collorone S, Kapoor R, Chataway J, Schmierer K et al. ( 2019 ) . Oxcarbazepine as a neuroprotective agent in MS: a phase IIa trial (PROXIMUS) . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 91 - 91 .
Chitnis T, Banwell B, Krupp L, Arnold DL, Bar-Or A, Brueck W, Giovannoni G, Greenberg B et al. ( 2019 ) . Paediatric patients with multiple sclerosis: effect of fingolimod on lymphocyte counts and its relationship with infection from the paradigms study . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 376 - 377 .
Allen-Philbey K, Miller J, Giovannoni G, Schmierer K, Turner B ( 2019 ) . Pharmacovigilance of urinary tract infections in Alemtuzumab cohort . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 321 - 322 .
Vermersch P, Giovannoni G, Soelberg-Sorensen P, Rammohan K, Cook S, Keller B, Roy S ( 2019 ) . Reduction of risk of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis within two years of treatment with Cladribine tablets: an analysis of the CLARITY study . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 154 - 155 .
Arnold DL, Giovannoni G, Cree BAC, Vermersch P, Bar-Or A, Gold R, Meier DP, Arnould S et al. ( 2019 ) . Relationship between grey matter atrophy, disability and cognition in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis: analysis from the EXPAND study . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL . vol. 25 , 568 - 569 .
Cadavid D, Mellion M, Hupperts R, Edwards KR, Calabresi PA, Drulovi¿ J, Giovannoni G, Hartung HP et al. ( 2019 ) . Safety and efficacy of opicinumab in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (SYNERGY): a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial . The Lancet Neurology vol. 18 , ( 9 ) 845 - 856 .
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Wiendl H, Arnold DL, Hupperts RM, Giovannoni G, Margolin DH, Kasten L, Havrdova E ( 2015 ) . Durable effect of alemtuzumab on disease activity in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 22 , 256 - 256 .
Masters JM, Noyce AJ, Giovannoni G, Warner TT, Proctor GB ( 2015 ) . Elevated salivary DJ-1 in Parkinson's disease is associated with altered salivary secretion . MOVEMENT DISORDERS . vol. 30 , S169 - S170 .
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Shribman SE, Noyce AJ, Martin JE, Giovannoni G, Knowles CH ( 2014 ) . The distribution of alpha-synuclein in the enteric nervous system: An immunohistochemical study on colonic resections from 24 control and 4 Parkinson's disease patients . MOVEMENT DISORDERS . vol. 29 , 1839 - 1839 .
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Petzold A, Eikelenboom MJ, Keir G, Polman CH, Uitdehaag BMJ, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2006 ) . The new Global Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score (MSSS) correlates with axonal but not glial biomarkers . MULT SCLER vol. 12 , ( 3 ) 325 - 328 .
Kappos L, O'Connor PW, Havrdova E, Hutchinson M, Miller DH, Phillips JT, Polman CH, Lublin FD et al. ( 2005 ) . Prognostic indicators of future disease activity in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS): an analysis from the AFFIRM study . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 238 , S75 - S75 .
Miller DH, O'Connor PW, Havrdova E, Hutchinson M, Kappos L, Phillips JT, Polman CH, Lublin FD et al. ( 2005 ) . The effects of baseline disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes in the AFFIRM study . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 238 , S75 - S76 .
Galetta SL, O'Connor PW, Havrdova E, Hutchinson M, Kappos L, Miller DH, Phillips JT, Polman CH et al. ( 2005 ) . The effects of natalizumab on disability progression as measured by the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) and visual function in patients with relapsing MS . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 238 , S71 - S72 .
Rejdak K, Leary SM, Stelmasiak Z, Miller DH, Thompson AJ, Giovannoni G ( 2005 ) . Urinary nitric oxide metabolites and neopterin as markers of longitudinal interferon beta-1a treatment in primary progressive multiple sclerosis patients . JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES . vol. 238 , S244 - S244 .
Lim ET, Sellebjerg F, Jensen CV, Altmann DR, Grant D, Keir G, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2005 ) . Acute axonal damage predicts clinical outcome in patients with multiple sclerosis . MULT SCLER vol. 11 , ( 5 ) 532 - 536 .
Dale RC, Heyman I, Giovannoni G, Church AJ ( 2005 ) . Incidence of anti-brain antibodies in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder . BRIT J PSYCHIAT vol. 187 , 314 - 319 .
Martino D, Branson JA, Church AJ, Candler PM, Livrea P, Giovannoni G, Dale RC ( 2005 ) . Soluble adhesion molecules in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis . PEDIATR NEUROL vol. 33 , ( 4 ) 255 - 258 .
Hawkes CH, Giovannoni G, Thompson EJ, Cunnington M ( 2005 ) . Raised prevalence of herpes simplex type-2 antibody in multiple sclerosis . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS . vol. 11 , S135 - S135 .
Rejdak K, Petzold A, Chard D, Griffin C, Miszkiel KA, Davis G, Rashid W, Miller DH et al. ( 2005 ) . Raised serum nitric oxide metabolites are related to disease activity in patients with multiple sclerosis: 1-year follow-up study . EUR J NEUROL vol. 12 , 320 - 320 .
Soon D, Altmann DR, Barkhof F, Fernando KTM, Giovannoni G, Gray B, O'Connor PW, Panzara MA et al. ( 2005 ) . Subtle blood brain barrier leakage in non-enhancing lesions in relapsing multiple sclerosis: multi-centre study of patients in a therapeutic trial . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS . vol. 11 , S2 - S2 .
Giovannoni G ( 2005 ) . What is required for a biomarker to become a good surrogate outcome? . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS . vol. 11 , S10 - S11 .
Lim ET, Berger T, Reindl M, Dalton CM, Fernando K, Keir G, Thompson EJ, Miller DH et al. ( 2005 ) . Anti-myelin antibodies do not allow earlier diagnosis of multiple sclerosis . MULT SCLER vol. 11 , ( 4 ) 492 - 494 .
Pryce G, O'Neill JK, Croxford JL, Amor S, Hankey DJ, East E, Giovannoni G, Baker D ( 2005 ) . Autoimmune tolerance eliminates relapses but fails to halt progression in a model of multiple sclerosis . J NEUROIMMUNOL vol. 165 , ( 1-2 ) 41 - 52 .
Martino D, Church AJ, Defazio G, Dale RC, Quinn NP, Robertson MM, Livrea P, Orth M et al. ( 2005 ) . Soluble adhesion molecules in Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome . J NEUROL SCI vol. 234 , ( 1-2 ) 79 - 85 .
Giovannoni G, Goodman A ( 2005 ) . Neutralizing anti-IFN-beta antibodies - How much more evidence do we need to use them in practice? . NEUROLOGY vol. 65 , ( 1 ) 6 - 8 .
Giovannoni G ( 2005 ) . Anti-neuronal antibodies and movement disorders . J NEUROIMMUNOL vol. 163 , ( 1-2 ) 5 - 7 .
Davies S, Nicholson T, Laura M, Giovannoni G, Altmann DM ( 2005 ) . Spread of T lymphocyte immune responses to myelin epitopes with duration of multiple sclerosis . J NEUROPATH EXP NEUR vol. 64 , ( 5 ) 371 - 377 .
Martino D, Tanner A, Defazio G, Church AJ, Bhatia KP, Giovannoni G, Dale RC ( 2005 ) . Tracing Sydenham's chorea: historical documents from a British paediatric hospital . ARCH DIS CHILD vol. 90 , ( 5 ) 507 - 511 .
Lim ET, Schmierer K, Grant D, Keir G, Thompson EJ, Miller DH, Giovannoni G ( 2005 ) . A comparison of the immunology and histopathology in post mortem multiple sclerosis brain . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 76 , 615 - 616 .
Petzold A, Eikelenboom MJ, Keir G, Grant D, Lazeron RHC, Polman CH, Uitdehaag BMJ, Thompson EJ et al. ( 2005 ) . Axonal damage accumulates in the progressive phase of multiple sclerosis: three year follow up study . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 76 , ( 2 ) 206 - 211 .
Martino D, Church AJ, Dale RC, Giovannoni G ( 2005 ) . Antibasal ganglia antibodies and PANDAS . MOVEMENT DISORD vol. 20 , ( 1 ) 116 - 117 .
Chapman MD, Hartley JC, Furrows SJ, Ridgeway GL, Thompson EJ, Church AJ, Candler PM, Giovannoni G ( 2005 ) . Lack of serum oligoclonal antibody responses to Chlamydophila pneumoniae in multiple sclerosis . EUR NEUROL vol. 53 , ( 2 ) 81 - 83 .
Chapman MD, Hughes LE, Wilson CD, Namnyak S, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2005 ) . No evidence for production of intrathecal immunoglobulin g against Acinetobacter or Pseudomonas in multiple sclerosis . EUR NEUROL vol. 53 , ( 1 ) 27 - 31 .
Rejdak K, Eikelenboom MJ, Petzold A, Thompson EJ, Stelmasiak Z, Lazeron RHC, Barkhof F, Polman CH et al. ( 2004 ) . CSF nitric oxide metabolites are associated with activity and progression of multiple sclerosis . NEUROLOGY vol. 63 , ( 8 ) 1439 - 1445 .
Edwards MJ, Dale RC, Church AJ, Trikouli E, Quinn NP, Lees AJ, Giovannoni G, Bhatia KP ( 2004 ) . Adult-onset tic disorder, motor stereotypies, and behavioural disturbance associated with antibasal ganglia antibodies . MOVEMENT DISORD vol. 19 , ( 10 ) 1190 - 1196 .
Harrison NA, Church A, Nisbet A, Rudge P, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Late recurrences of Sydenham's chorea are not associated with anti-basal ganglia antibodies . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 75 , ( 10 ) 1478 - 1479 .
Pryce G, Jackson SM, Hankey DRJ, Giovannoni G, Baker D ( 2004 ) . Cannabinoids are neuroprotective: dissociation of true neuroprotection from protection secondary to immunosuppression . JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY . vol. 154 , 78 - 78 .
Pryce G, O'Neill JK, Hankey DRJ, East E, Amor S, Giovannoni G, Baker B ( 2004 ) . Immunological tolerance that eliminates relapses, fails to halt secondary progression in a chronic multiple sclerosis model . JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY . vol. 154 , 62 - 62 .
Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Is it time to consider rationalising IFN-beta treatment in individuals with multiple sclerosis? . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 75 , ( 9 ) 1234 - 1234 .
Zwemmer JNP, Eikelenboom MJ, Kay A, Petzold A, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G, Barkhof E, Uitdehaag BMJ et al. ( 2004 ) . No association of apoE concentration in CSF with clinical arid MR1 characteristics in MS . MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS . vol. 10 , S212 - S213 .
Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Optimising MS disease-modifying therapies: antibodies in perspective . J NEUROL vol. 251 , 30 - 35 .
Rejdak K, Leary SM, Nelissen I, Opdenakker G, Dubois B, Thompson AJ, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Urinary neopterin is a sensitive marker of longitudinal interferon beta-1a treatment in primary progressive multiple sclerosis patients . EUR J NEUROL vol. 11 , 120 - 120 .
Edwards MJ, Trikouli E, Martino D, Bozi M, Dake RC, Church AJ, Schrag A, Lees AJ et al. ( 2004 ) . Anti-basal ganglia antibodies in patients with atypical dystonia and tics: A prospective study . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 75 , 1216 - 1216 .
Martino D, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Antibasal ganglia antibodies and their relevance to movement disorders . CURR OPIN NEUROL vol. 17 , ( 4 ) 425 - 432 .
Lim ET, Sellebjerg F, Sorensen TL, Grant D, Altmann D, Keir G, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Cerebrospinal fluid neurofilament heavy chain levels in acute optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis patients treated with oral high-dose methylpredinolone . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 75 , 1215 - 1215 .
Edwards MJ, Trikouli E, Martino D, Bozi M, Dale RC, Church AJ, Schrag A, Lees AJ et al. ( 2004 ) . Anti-basal ganglia antibodies in patients with atypical dystonia and tics - A prospective study . NEUROLOGY vol. 63 , ( 1 ) 156 - 158 .
Church AJ, Dale RC, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Anti-basal ganglia antibodies: a possible diagnostic utility in idiopathic movement disorders? . ARCH DIS CHILD vol. 89 , ( 7 ) 611 - 614 .
Dale RC, Heyman I, Surtees RAH, Church AJ, Giovannoni G, Goodman R, Neville BGR ( 2004 ) . Dyskinesias and associated psychiatric disorders following streptococcal infections . ARCH DIS CHILD vol. 89 , ( 7 ) 604 - 610 .
Edwards MJ, Dale RC, Church AJ, Giovannoni G, Bhatia KP ( 2004 ) . A dystonic syndrome associated with anti-basal ganglia antibodies . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 75 , ( 6 ) 914 - 916 .
Spech E, Kallmann B, Kroner A, Petzold A, Miller D, Thompson A, Giovannoni G, Toyka K et al. ( 2004 ) . Gene expression analysis indicates distinct immune pattern in relapsing remitting (RR) and primary progressive (PP) MS disease type . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY . vol. 251 , 175 - 175 .
Rejdak K, Petzold A, Sharpe MA, Kay AD, Kerr M, Keir G, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Cerebrospinal fluid nitrite/nitrate correlated with oxyhemoglobin and outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage . J NEUROL SCI vol. 219 , ( 1-2 ) 71 - 76 .
Petzold A, Keir G, Green AJE, Giovannoni G, Thompson EJ ( 2004 ) . An ELISA for glial fibrillary acidic protein . J IMMUNOL METHODS vol. 287 , ( 1-2 ) 169 - 177 .
Pereira AC, Edwards MJ, Buttery PC, Hawkes CH, Quinn NP, Giovannoni G, Hadjivassiliou M, Bhatia KP ( 2004 ) . Choreic syndrome and coeliac disease: A hitherto unrecognised association . MOVEMENT DISORD vol. 19 , ( 4 ) 478 - 482 .
Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Toward better diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy: Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers . MOVEMENT DISORDERS . vol. 19 , 361 - 362 .
Miranda M, Cardoso F, Giovannoni G, Church A ( 2004 ) . Oral contraceptive induced chorea: another condition associated with anti-basal ganglia antibodies . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 75 , ( 2 ) 327 - 328 .
Giovannoni G, Deisenhammer F ( 2004 ) . Neutralising antibodies against interferon beta in multiple sclerosis . LANCET vol. 363 , ( 9403 ) 166 - 167 .
Lim ET, Grant D, Pashenkov M, Keir G, Thompson EJ, Soderstrom M, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Cerebrospinal fluid levels of brain specific proteins in optic neuritis . MULT SCLER vol. 10 , ( 3 ) 261 - 265 .
Furrows SJ, Hartley JC, Bell J, Silver N, Losseff N, Stevenson S, Chapman M, Thompson EJ et al. ( 2004 ) . Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection of the central nervous system in patients with multiple sclerosis . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 75 , ( 1 ) 152 - 154 .
Dale RC, Church AJ, Surtees RAH, Lees AJ, Adcock JE, Harding B, Neville BGR, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Encephalitis lethargica syndrome: 20 new cases and evidence of basal ganglia autoimmunity . BRAIN vol. 127 , 21 - 33 .
Deisenhammer F, Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Longitudinal analyses of the effects of neutralizing antibodies on interferon beta-1b in relapsing/remitting multiple sclerosis . MULT SCLER J vol. 10 , ( 6 )
Giovannoni G ( 2004 ) . Management of secondary-progressive multiple sclerosis . CNS DRUGS vol. 18 , ( 10 ) 653 - 669 .
Petzold A, Brassat D, Mas P, Rejdak K, Keir G, Giovannoni G, Thompson EJ, Clanet M ( 2004 ) . Treatment response in relation to inflammatory and axonal surrogate marker in multiple sclerosis . MULT SCLER vol. 10 , ( 3 ) 281 - 283 .
Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . Strategies to treat and prevent the development of neutralizing anti-interferon-beta antibodies . NEUROLOGY . vol. 61 , S13 - S17 .
Pryce G, Ahmed Z, Hankey DJR, Jackson SJ, Croxford JL, Pocock JM, Ledent C, Petzold A et al. ( 2003 ) . Cannabinoids inhibit neurodegeneration in models of multiple sclerosis . BRAIN vol. 126 , 2191 - 2202 .
Dubois B, Leary SM, Nelissen I, Opdenakker G, Giovannoni G, Thompson AJ ( 2003 ) . Serum gelatinase B/MMP-9 in primary progressive multiple sclerosis patients treated with interferon-beta 1a . J NEUROL vol. 250 , ( 9 ) 1037 - 1043 .
Empl M, Redjak K, Giovannoni G, Goadsby PJ, Kaube H ( 2003 ) . Urinary nitric oxide metabolites in migraineurs . CEPHALALGIA . vol. 23 , 636 - 637 .
Tengah DSNAP, Church A, Giovannoni G, Fry L, Turner B, Wills AJ ( 2003 ) . An anti-spinal antibody in dermatitis herpetiformis patients . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 74 , 1180 - 1180 .
Giovannoni G, Dubois BD, Keenan E, Porter BE, Kapoor R, Rudge P, Thompson AJ, Miller DH ( 2003 ) . Beta-interferon in multiple sclerosis: An assessment of the ABN stopping criteria in clinical practice . JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY . vol. 74 , 1177 - 1178 .
Giovannoni G, Deisenhammer F, Munschauer FE ( 2003 ) . Neutralising antibodies to interferon beta - Reply . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 74 , ( 8 ) 1162 - 1163 .
Petzold A, Keir G, Green AJE, Giovannoni G, Thompson EJ ( 2003 ) . A specific ELISA for measuring neurofilament heavy chain phosphoforms . J IMMUNOL METHODS vol. 278 , ( 1-2 ) 179 - 190 .
Dubois BD, Keenan E, Porter BE, Kapoor R, Rudge P, Thompson AJ, Miller DH, Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . Interferon beta in multiple sclerosis: experience in a British specialist multiple sclerosis centre . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 74 , ( 7 ) 946 - 949 .
Empl M, Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . Nitric oxide and headache: related, but how? . CEPHALALGIA vol. 23 , ( 6 ) 405 - 406 .
Rejdak K, Petzold A, Sharpe MA, Kay AD, Kerr M, Stelmasiak Z, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . Cerebrospinal fluid nitrite/nitrate predicts poor outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) . JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY . vol. 85 , 25 - 25 .
Giovannoni G, Baker D ( 2003 ) . Inflammatory disorders of the central nervous system . CURR OPIN NEUROL vol. 16 , ( 3 ) 347 - 350 .
Pryce G, Giovannoni G, Baker D ( 2003 ) . Mifepristone or inhibition of 11 beta-hydroxylase activity potentiates the sedating effects of the cannabinoid receptor-1 agonist Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in mice . NEUROSCI LETT vol. 341 , ( 2 ) 164 - 166 .
Petzold A, Baker D, Pryce G, Keir G, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . Quantification of neurodegeneration by measurement of brain-specific proteins . J NEUROIMMUNOL vol. 138 , ( 1-2 ) 45 - 48 .
Baker D, Pryce G, Giovannoni G, Thompson AJ ( 2003 ) . The therapeutic potential of cannabis . LANCET NEUROL vol. 2 , ( 5 ) 291 - 298 .
Church AJ, Dale RC, Lees AJ, Giovannoni G, Robertson MM ( 2003 ) . Tourette's syndrome: a cross sectional study to examine the PANDAS hypothesis . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 74 , ( 5 ) 602 - 607 .
Rejdak K, Petzold A, Sharpe MA, Smith M, Keir G, Stelmasiak Z, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . Serum and urine nitrate and nitrite are not reliable indicators of intrathecal nitric oxide production in acute brain injury . J NEUROL SCI vol. 208 , ( 1-2 ) 1 - 7 .
Davies G, Keir G, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . The clinical significance of an intrathecal monoclonal immunoglobulin band - A follow-up study . NEUROLOGY vol. 60 , ( 7 ) 1163 - 1166 .
Church AJ, Dale RC, Cardoso F, Candler PM, Chapman MD, Allen ML, Klein NJ, Lees AJ et al. ( 2003 ) . CSF and serum immune parameters in Sydenham's chorea: evidence of an autoimmune syndrome? . J NEUROIMMUNOL vol. 136 , ( 1-2 ) 149 - 153 .
Eikelenboom MJ, Petzold A, Lazeron RHC, Silber E, Sharief M, Thompson EJ, Barkhof F, Giovannoni G et al. ( 2003 ) . Multiple sclerosis - Neurofilament light chain antibodies are correlated to cerebral atrophy . NEUROLOGY vol. 60 , ( 2 ) 219 - 223 .
Giovannoni G, Bever CT ( 2003 ) . Patients with clinically isolated syndromes suggestive of MS - Does MRI allow earlier diagnosis? . NEUROLOGY vol. 60 , ( 1 ) 6 - 7 .
Trip SA, Wroe SJ, Davies G, Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . Primary CNS mantle cell lymphoma associated with an isolated CSF monoclonal IgG band . EUR NEUROL vol. 49 , ( 3 ) 187 - 188 .
Giovannoni G ( 2003 ) . The Yin and Yang of inflammation in multiple sclerosis . EARLY INDICATORS, EARLY TREATMENTS, NEUROPROTECTION IN MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS . Editors: Hommes, OR, Comi, G , 181 - 189 .
Giovannoni G, Munschauer FE, Deisenhammer F ( 2002 ) . Neutralising antibodies to interferon beta during the treatment of multiple sclerosis . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 73 , ( 5 ) 465 - 469 .
Rejdak K, Bartosik-Psujek H, Dobosz B, Kocki T, Grieb P, Giovannoni G, Turski WA, Stelmasiak Z ( 2002 ) . Decreased level of kynurenic acid in cerebrospinal fluid of relapsing-onset multiple sclerosis patients . NEUROSCI LETT vol. 331 , ( 1 ) 63 - 65 .
Church AJ, Cardoso F, Dale RC, Lees AJ, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G ( 2002 ) . Anti-basal ganglia antibodies in acute and persistent Sydenham's chorea . NEUROLOGY vol. 59 , ( 2 ) 227 - 231 .
Petzold A, Eikelenboom MJ, Gveric D, Keir G, Chapman M, Lazeron RHC, Cuzner ML, Polman CH et al. ( 2002 ) . Markers for different glial cell responses in multiple sclerosis: clinical and pathological correlations . BRAIN vol. 125 , 1462 - 1473 .
Dale RC, Church AJ, Benton S, Surtees RA, Lees A, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G, Neville BG ( 2002 ) . Post-streptococcal autoimmune dystonia with isolated bilateral striatal necrosis . DEV MED CHILD NEUROL vol. 44 , ( 7 ) 485 - 489 .
Dale RC, Church AJ, Surtees RAH, Thompson EJ, Giovannoni G, Neville BGR ( 2002 ) . Post-streptococcal autoimmune neuropsychiatric disease presenting as paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis . MOVEMENT DISORD vol. 17 , ( 4 ) 817 - 820 .
Sellebjerg F, Giovannoni G, Hand A, Madsen HO, Jensen CV, Garred P ( 2002 ) . Cerebrospinal fluid levels of nitric oxide metabolites predict response to methylprednisolone treatment in multiple sclerosis and optic neuritis . J NEUROIMMUNOL vol. 125 , ( 1-2 ) 198 - 203 .
Derry C, Dale RC, Thom M, Miller DH, Giovannoni G ( 2002 ) . Unihemispheric cerebral vasculitis mimicking Rasmussen's encephalitis . NEUROLOGY vol. 58 , ( 2 ) 327 - 328 .
Ramachandran V, Church A, Giovannoni G, Bhatia KP ( 2002 ) . Anti-basal ganglia antibodies are absent in patients with primary blepharospasm . NEUROLOGY vol. 58 , ( 1 ) 150 - 150 .
Tengah DSNAP, Unsworth DJ, Fry L, Giovannoni G, Church A, Turner B, Holmes GKT, Wills AJ ( 2002 ) . Dermatitis herpetiformis, coeliac disease, and neurological dysfunction . J NEUROL NEUROSUR PS vol. 72 , ( 1 ) 142 - 142 .
Dale RC, Church AJ, Cardoso F, Goddard E, Cox TC, Chong WK, Williams A, Klein NJ et al. ( 2001 ) . Poststreptococcal acute disseminated encephalomyelitis with basal ganglia involvement and auto-reactive antibasal ganglia antibodies . ANN NEUROL vol. 50 , ( 5 ) 588 - 595 .
Giovannoni G, Thorpe J ( 2001 ) . Is it multiple sclerosis or not? . NEUROLOGY vol. 57 , ( 8 ) 1357 - 1358 .
Giovannoni G, Thompson AJ, Miller DH, Thompson EJ ( 2001 ) . Fatigue is not associated with raised inflammatory markers in multiple sclerosis . NEUROLOGY vol. 57 , ( 4 ) 676 - 681 .
Giovannoni G ( 2001 ) . Human swayback disease: expanding the spectrum of diseases associated with abnormal copper metabolism . J NEUROL vol. 248 , ( 8 ) 707 - 707 .
Giovannoni G, Miller DH, Losseff NA, Sailer M, Lewellyn-Smith N, Thompson AJ, Thompson EJ ( 2001 ) . Serum inflammatory markers and clinical/MRI markers of disease progression in multiple sclerosis . J NEUROL vol. 248 , ( 6 ) 487 - 495 .
Chamoun V, Zeman A, Blennow K, Fredman P, Wallin A, Keir G, Giovannoni G, Thompson EJ ( 2001 ) . Haptoglobins as markers of blood-CSF barrier dysfunction: the findings in normal CSF . J NEUROL SCI vol. 182 , ( 2 ) 117 - 121 .
Palmer HE, Giovannoni G, Stanford MR, Wallace GR, Graham EM ( 2001 ) . Urinary neopterin in idiopathic retinal vasculitis . BRIT J OPHTHALMOL vol. 85 , ( 1 ) 30 - 33 .
Green AJE, Giovannoni G, Hall-Crags MA, Thompson EJ, Miller RF ( 2000 ) . Cerebrospinal fluid tau concentrations in HIV infected patients with suspected neurological disease . SEX TRANSM INFECT vol. 76 , ( 6 ) 443 - 446 .