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Research

Publications: Prof Norman Fenton

Pilditch TD, Hahn U, Fenton N, Lagnado D ( 2020 ) . Dependencies in evidential reports: The case for informational advantages . Cognition vol. 204 ,
Fenton N, Neil M, Yet B, Lagnado D ( 2020 ) . Analyzing the Simonshaven Case Using Bayesian Networks . Topics in Cognitive Science vol. 12 , ( 4 ) 1092 - 1114 .
Kyrimi E, Raniere Neves M, Mclachlan S, Neil M, Marsh W, Fenton N ( 2020 ) . Medical idioms for clinical Bayesian network development . Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Daley BJ, Kyrimi E, Dube K, Fenton NE, Hitman GA, McLachlan S ( 2020 ) . Data Visualisation in Midwifery: The Challenge of Seeing what Datasets Hide . Studies in Health Technology and Informatics vol. 270 , 1239 - 1240 .
McLachlan S, Dube K, Hitman GA, Fenton NE, Kyrimi E ( 2020 ) . Bayesian networks in healthcare: Distribution by medical condition . Artificial Intelligence in Medicine vol. 107 , Article 101912 , 101912 - 101912 .
McLachlan S, Kyrimi E, Dube K, Fenton N ( 2020 ) . Standardising Clinical Caremaps: Model, Method and Graphical Notation for Caremap Specification . Communications in Computer and Information Science . Conference: 2th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies (BIOSTEC 2019) - Volume 5: HEALTHINF ( Prague ) from: 22/02/2019 to: 24/02/2019 , vol. 1211 CCIS , 429 - 452 .
Fenton N, Osman M, Mclachlan S, Neil M ( 2020 ) . COVID-19 infection and death rates: the need to incorporate causal explanations for the data and avoid bias in testing . Journal of Risk Research
Fenton N, Neil M, Constantinou A ( 2020 ) . The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect, Judea Pearl, Dana Mackenzie, Basic Books (2018) . Artificial Intelligence vol. 284 , Article 103286 , 103286 - 103286 .
McLachlan S, Kyrimi E, Dube K, Hitman G, Simmonds J, Fenton N ( 2020 ) . Towards standardisation of evidence-based clinical care process specifications . Health Informatics Journal
Neil M, Fenton N, Lagnado D, Gill RD ( 2019 ) . Modelling competing legal arguments using Bayesian model comparison and averaging . Artificial Intelligence and Law vol. 27 , ( 4 ) 403 - 430 .
Wang J, Neil M, Fenton N ( 2019 ) . A Bayesian network approach for cybersecurity risk assessment implementing and extending the FAIR model . Computers and Security vol. 89 ,
Mclachlan S, Dube K, KYRIMI E, Fenton N ( 2019 ) . LAGOS: Learning Health Systems and how they can integrate with patient care . BMJ: Health & Care Informatics
Daley B, Hitman G, Fenton N, McLachlan S ( 2019 ) . Assessment of the methodological quality of local clinical practice guidelines on the identification and management of gestational diabetes . BMJ Open vol. 9 , ( 6 ) e027285 - e027285 .
McLachlan S, Dube K, Johnson O, Buchanan D, Potts HWW, Gallagher T, Fenton N ( 2019 ) . A framework for analysing learning health systems: Are we removing the most impactful barriers? . Learning Health Systems
Fenton N, Lagnado D, Dahlman C, Neil M ( 2019 ) . The Opportunity Prior: A proof-based prior for criminal cases . Law, Probability and Risk
Neil M, Fenton N, Osman M, Lagnado D ( 2019 ) . Causality, the critical but often ignored component guiding us through a world of uncertainties in risk assessment . Journal of Risk Research
FENTON NE, DE ZOETE J, NOGUCHI T, Lagnado D ( 2019 ) . Resolving the so-called “probabilistic paradoxes in legal reasoning” with Bayesian Networks . Science and Justice
MCLACHLAN S, KYRIMI E, FENTON N, Dube K ( 2019 ) . Clinical Caremap Development: How can caremaps standardise care when they are not standardised? . Conference: HEALTHINF 2019 ( Prague, Czech ) from: 22/02/2019 to: 24/02/2019 ,
FENTON NE, NEIL M, NOGUCHI T ( 2019 ) . An extension to the noisy-OR function to resolve the ‘explaining away’ deficiency for practical Bayesian network problem . IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
McLachlan S, Dube K, Gallagher T, Simmonds JA, Fenton N ( 2019 ) . Realistic Synthetic Data Generation: The ATEN Framework . vol. 1024 ,
Fenton NE, Neil M, Constantinou AC ( 2019 ) . Simpson's Paradox and the implications for medical trials . CoRR vol. abs/1912.01422 ,
FENTON NE, Pilditch T, Lagnado D, Hahn U ( 2018 ) . The zero-sum fallacy in evidence evaluation . Psychological Science
FENTON NE, NOGUCHI T, NEIL M ( 2018 ) . Addressing the Practical Limitations of Noisy-OR using Conditional Inter-causal Anti-Correlation with Ranked Nodes . IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
OSMAN M, FENTON NE, Pilditch T, Lagnado D, NEIL M ( 2018 ) . Who do we trust on social policy interventions . Basic and Applied Social Psychology
Osman M, Fenton N, Pilditch T, Lagnado D, Neil M ( 2018 ) . Whom Do We Trust on Social Policy Interventions? . Basic and Applied Social Psychology
MCLACHLAN S, Potts HWW, Dube K, Buchanan D, Lean S, Gallagher T, Johnson O, DALEY B et al. ( 2018 ) . The Heimdall framework for supporting characterisation of learning health systems . BCS Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics vol. 25 , ( 2 )
CONSTANTINOU AC, FENTON N ( 2018 ) . Things to know about Bayesian networks . Significance
FENTON NE ( 2018 ) . Evidence based decision making turns knowledge into power . EU Research38 - 39 .
YET B, NEIL M, FENTON N, CONSTANTINOU AC, DEMENTIEV E ( 2018 ) . An Improved Method for Solving Hybrid Influence Diagrams . International Journal of Approximate Reasoning
FENTON NE, NEIL M ( 2018 ) . Lawnmowers versus terrorists: A highly misleading view of risk . Significance vol. 15 , ( 1 ) 12 - 15 .
Yet B, Constantinou A, Fenton N, Neil M ( 2018 ) . Expected Value of Partial Perfect Information in Hybrid Models Using Dynamic Discretization . IEEE Access vol. 6 , 7802 - 7817 .
FENTON NE, NEIL M ( 2018 ) . Are lawnmowers a greater risk than terrorists? . Abstract: java.sql.Clob org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.WrappedClob java.io.Serializable ,
McLachlan S, Dube K, Buchanan D, Lean S, Johnson O, Potts H, Gallagher T, Marsh W et al. ( 2018 ) . Learning health systems: The research community awareness challenge . Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics vol. 25 , ( 1 ) 38 - 40 .
FENTON NE, DE ZOETE J, Lagnado D ( 2017 ) . Modeling complex legal cases as a Bayesian network using idioms and sensitivity analysis with the Collins case as a complete example . Conference: 10th International Conference on Forensic Inference and Statistics ( Minneapolis, USA )
FENTON NE, DE ZOETE J ( 2017 ) . Automatic Generation of Bayesian networks in Forensic Science . Conference: 10th International Conference on Forensic Inference and Statistics ( Mineapolis, USA )
CONSTANTINOU AC, Fenton N ( 2017 ) . The future of the London Buy-To-Let property market: Simulation with temporal Bayesian Networks . PLoS ONE vol. 12 , ( 6 )
FENTON NE, Lagnado D, Dahlman C, Neil M ( 2017 ) . The Opportunity Prior: A Simple and Practical Solution to the Prior Probability Problem for Legal Cases . ACM . Conference: International Conference on AI and the Law (ICAIL 17) ( Kings College, London ) from: 12/06/2017 to: 15/06/2017 ,
Neil M, Fenton N ( 2017 ) . Risk Management Using Bayesian Networks . John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
CONSTANTINOU AC, Fenton NORMAN ( 2017 ) . Towards Smart-Data: Improving predictive accuracy in long-term football team performance . Knowledge-Based Systems
CONSTANTINOU AC, Fenton N ( 2017 ) . Improving predictive accuracy using Smart-Data: The case of football teams’ evolving performance . Knowledge-Based Systems
Fenton N, Neil M, Lagnado D, William M, Yet B, CONSTANTINOU AC ( 2016 ) . How to model mutually exclusive events based on independent causal pathways in Bayesian network models . Knowledge-Based Systems
DEMENTIEV E, Fenton N ( 2016 ) . Bayesian Torrent Classification by File Name and Size Only . http://jmlr.org/proceedings/papers/v52/ . Conference: International Conference on Probabilistic Graphical Models ( Lugano, Switzerland ) from: 06/09/2016 to: 09/09/2016 , vol. 52 , 136 - 146 .
Zhou Y, Hospedales TM, Fenton N ( 2016 ) . When and where to transfer for Bayesian network parameter learning . Expert Systems with Applications vol. 55 , 361 - 373 .
FENTON NE, Smit N, Lagnado D, Morgan R ( 2016 ) . Using Bayesian networks to guide the assessment of new evidence in an appeal case . Crime Science vol. 5 , ( 9 )
FENTON NE, Zhou Y, Zhu C ( 2016 ) . An Empirical Study of Bayesian Network Parameter Learning with Monotonic Influence Constraints . Decision Support Systems
Yet B, CONSTANTINOU AC, Fenton N, Neil M, Luedeling E, Shepherd K ( 2016 ) . A Bayesian Network Framework for Project Cost, Benefit and Risk Analysis with an Agricultural Development Case Study . Expert Systems with Applications
CONSTANTINOU AC, FENTON N, NEIL M ( 2016 ) . Integrating expert knowledge with data in Bayesian networks: Preserving data-driven expectations when the expert variables remain unobserved . Expert Systems with Applications
FENTON NE, neil M, Berger D ( 2016 ) . Bayes and the Law . Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application vol. 3 , 51 - 77 .
Constantinou AC, Fenton N, Marsh W, Radlinski L ( 2016 ) . From complex questionnaire and interviewing data to intelligent Bayesian network models for medical decision support . Artificial Intelligence in Medicine vol. 67 , 75 - 93 .
Constantinou AC, Fenton NE ( 2016 ) . Improving Predictive Accuracy Using Smart-Data rather than Big-Data: A Case Study of Soccer Teams' Evolving Performance . BMA@UAI . Editors: Carvalho, RN, Laskey, KB , vol. 1663 , 54 - 55 .
Constantinou AC, Yet B, Fenton N, Neil M, Marsh W ( 2015 ) . Value of information analysis for interventional and counterfactual Bayesian networks in forensic medical sciences . Artificial Intelligence in Medicine vol. 66 , 41 - 52 .
FENTON NE, Zhou Y, Hospedales T, Neil M ( 2015 ) . Probabilistic Graphical Models Parameter Learning with Transferred Prior and Constraints . http://auai.org/uai2015/proceedings.shtml . Conference: Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence ( Amsterdam, Netherlands ) from: 12/07/2015 to: 16/07/2015 , 972 - 981 .
Shepherd K, Hubbard D, Fenton N, Claxton K, Luedeling E, De Leeuw J ( 2015 ) . Policy: Development goals should enable decision-making . Nature vol. 523 , ( 7559 ) 152 - 154 .
FENTON NE, Chockler H, Keppens J, Lagnado D ( 2015 ) . Causal Analysis for Attributing Responsibility in Legal Cases . Conference: International Conference on Artificial Intelligence & Law (ICAIL 15) ( San Diego, Los Angeles, USA ) from: 12/06/2015 to: 08/06/2015 , 33 - 42 .
Chockler H, Fenton N, Keppens J, Lagnado DA ( 2015 ) . Causal analysis for attributing responsibility in legal cases . Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law . vol. 08-12-June-2015 , 33 - 42 .
Constantinou AC, Freestone M, Marsh W, Fenton NE, Coid J ( 2015 ) . Risk assessment and risk management of violent re-offending among prisoners . Expert Systems with Applications vol. 42 , ( 21 )
FENTON NE ( 2015 ) . Moving from big data and machine learning to smart data and causal modelling: a simple example from consumer research and marketing . Abstract: java.sql.Clob org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.WrappedClob java.io.Serializable ,
de Zoete J, Sjerps M, Lagnado D, Fenton N ( 2015 ) . Modelling crime linkage with Bayesian networks . Science and Justice vol. 55 , ( 3 ) 209 - 217 .
Zhou Y, Fenton N, Hospedales TM, Neil M ( 2015 ) . Probabilistic graphical models parameter learning with transferred prior and constraints . Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence - Proceedings of the 31st Conference, UAI 2015 . 972 - 981 .
Fenton N, Bieman J ( 2014 ) . Software Metrics A Rigorous and Practical Approach, Third Edition . CRC Press
Lin P, Neil M, Fenton NE ( 2014 ) . Risk Aggregation in the presence of Discrete Causally Connected Random Variables . Annals of Actuarial Science vol. 8 , ( 2 ) 298 - 319 .
Fenton N, Lagnado D, Hsu A, Berger D, Neil M ( 2014 ) . Response to "on the use of the likelihood ratio for forensic evaluation: response to Fenton et al." . Sci Justice vol. 54 , ( 4 ) 319 - 320 .
De Zoete J, Sjerps M, Lagnado D, Fenton N ( 2014 ) . Modelling crime linkage with Bayesian networks . Science and Justice
Yet B, Perkins Z, Fenton N, Tai N, Marsh W ( 2014 ) . Not just data: a method for improving prediction with knowledge . J Biomed Inform vol. 48 , 28 - 37 .
Zhou Y, Fenton N, Neil M ( 2014 ) . An extended MPL-C model for Bayesian network parameter learning with exterior constraints . Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) vol. 8754 , 581 - 596 .
Fenton N ( 2014 ) . Assessing evidence and testing appropriate hypotheses . Science and Justice vol. 54 , ( 6 ) 502 - 504 .
Zhou Y, Fenton N, Neil M ( 2014 ) . Bayesian network approach to multinomial parameter learning using data and expert judgments . International Journal of Approximate Reasoning vol. 55 , Article 5 , 1252 - 1268 .
Constantinou AC, Fenton NE, Hunter Pollock LJ ( 2014 ) . Bayesian networks for unbiased assessment of referee bias in Association Football . Psychology of Sport and Exercise vol. 15 , ( 5 ) 538 - 547 .
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 2014 ) . Decision Support Software for Probabilistic Risk Assessment Using Bayesian Networks . IEEE Software vol. 31 , ( 2 ) 21 - 26 .
Yet B, Perkins Z, Fenton N, Tai N, Marsh W ( 2014 ) . Not just data: A method for improving prediction with knowledge . Journal of Biomedical Informatics vol. 48 , 28 - 37 .
Fenton N, Berger D, Lagnado D, Neil M, Hsu A ( 2014 ) . When 'neutral' evidence still has probative value (with implications from the Barry George Case) . Science and Justice vol. 54 , ( 4 ) 274 - 287 .
Fenton NE, Neil M, Hsu A ( 2013 ) . Calculating and understanding the value of any type of match evidence when there are potential testing errors . Artificial Intelligence and Law vol. 22 , ( 1 ) 1 - 28 .
Constantinou AC, Fenton NE, Neil M ( 2013 ) . Profiting from an inefficient association football gambling market: Prediction, risk and uncertainty using Bayesian networks . KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS vol. 50 , 60 - 86 .
FENTON NE, Neil M, Lagnado D ( 2013 ) . A General Structure for Legal Arguments About Evidence Using Bayesian Networks . Cognitive Science vol. 37 , ( 1 ) 61 - 102 .
Constantinou A, FENTON NE ( 2013 ) . Determining the level of ability of football teams by dynamic ratings based on the relative discrepancies in scores between adversaries . Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports vol. 9 , ( 1 ) 37 - 50 .
Zhou Y, Fenton N, Neil M, Zhu C ( 2013 ) . Incorporating Expert Judgement into Bayesian Network Machine Learning . Proceedings of the Twenty-Third International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence . 3249 - 3250 .
Constantinou A, Fenton N ( 2013 ) . PROFITING FROM ARBITRAGE AND ODDS BIASES OF THE EUROPEAN FOOTBALL GAMBLING MARKET . Journal of Gambling Business and Economics vol. 7 , ( 2 ) 41 - 70 .
Fenton N, Berger D, Lagnado D, Neil M, Hsu A ( 2013 ) . When 'neutral' evidence still has probative value (with implications from the Barry George Case) . Science and Justice
Constantinou A, FENTON NE, Neil M ( 2012 ) . pi-football: A Bayesian network model for forecasting Association Football match outcomes . Knowledge Based Systems vol. 36 , 322 - 339 .
Neil M, Chen X, Fenton NE ( 2012 ) . Optimizing the Calculation of Conditional Probability Tables in Hybrid Bayesian Networks using Binary Factorization . IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering vol. 7 , ( 24 ) Article 12852804 , 1306 - 1312 .
FENTON NE, Lagnado D, Neil M ( 2012 ) . Legal idioms: a framework for evidential reasoning . Argument and Computation vol. 4 , ( 1 ) 46 - 63 .
Constantinou A, FENTON NE ( 2012 ) . Solving the problem of inadequate scoring rules for assessing probabilistic football forecasting models . Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports vol. 8 , ( 1 ) Article 1 ,
FENTON NE ( 2012 ) . A simple story illustrating why pure machine learning (without expert input) may be doomed to fail and totally unnecessary .
FENTON NE, Neil M ( 2012 ) . Risk Assessment with Bayesian Networks . CRC Press ( London ),
Fenton N, Neil M ( 2012 ) . Risk assessment and decision analysis with bayesian networks .
Fenton N ( 2011 ) . Science and law: Improve statistics in court . Nature vol. 479 , ( 7371 ) 36 - 37 .
FENTON N ( 2011 ) . Rational software developers as pathological code hackers . The dark side of software engineering: evil on computing projects , Editors: Rost, J, Glass, RL , Wiley-IEEE Computer Society Press
FENTON NE, Neil M ( 2011 ) . Avoiding Legal Fallacies in Practice Using Bayesian Networks . Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy vol. 36 , 114 - 150 .
FENTON NE, Neil M ( 2011 ) . Risk Assessment with Bayesian Networks . Chapman and Hall ( London ),
FENTON NE, Neil M ( 2011 ) . The use of Bayes' and causal modelling in decision making, uncertainty and risk . UPGRADE, the Journal of CEPIS (Council of European Professional Informatics Societies) vol. 12 , ( 5 ) 10 - 21 .
Fenton N, Neil M ( 2010 ) . Comparing risks of alternative medical diagnosis using Bayesian arguments . J Biomed Inform vol. 43 , ( 4 ) 485 - 495 .
Marquez D, Neil M, Fenton N ( 2010 ) . Improved reliability modeling using Bayesian networks and dynamic discretization . RELIAB ENG SYST SAFE vol. 95 , ( 4 ) 412 - 425 .
Xiangjun L, Fenton NE ( 2010 ) . Extending support vector machines to discover temporal periodic patterns . Conference: Second Global Congress on Intelligent Systems (GCIS 2010) ( Wuhan, China ) from: 16/12/2010 to: 17/12/2010 , vol. 2 , 325 - 328 .
Neil M, Marquez D, Fenton N ( 2010 ) . Improved Reliability Modeling using Bayesian Networks and Dynamic Discretization . Journal of Reliability Engineering and System Safety vol. 95 , ( 4 ) 412 - 425 .
Fenton NE, Hearty P, Neil M, Radli¿ski ¿ ( 2010 ) . Software project and quality modelling using Bayesian networks . Artificial intelligence applications for improved software engineering development: new prospects , Editors: Meziane, F, Vadera, S , IGI Global ( Hershey, New York, USA ),
Fineman M, Radlinski L, Fenton NE ( 2009 ) . Modelling project trade-off using Bayesian networks . Conference: IEEE Int. Conf. Computational Intelligence and Software Engineering ( Wuhan, China ) from: 08/12/2009 to: 11/12/2009 , 1 - 4 .
Hearty P, Fenton N, Marquez D, Neil M ( 2009 ) . Predicting Project Velocity in XP Using a Learning Dynamic Bayesian Network Model . IEEE T SOFTWARE ENG vol. 35 , ( 1 ) 124 - 137 .
Fineman M, Fenton NE ( 2009 ) . Quantifying risks using Bayesian networks . Modelling, Simulation, and Identification (MSI, AsiaPES, CSNA, RTA, AMSRA 2009) . Editors: Ma, H, Narayanan, S , Conference: IASTED Int. Conf. Advances in Management Science and Risk Assessment (AMSRA 2009) ( Beijing, China ) from: 12/10/2009 to: 14/10/2009 , vol. Risk Management, Ana ,
Marquez D, Neil M, Fenton N ( 2008 ) . Solving dynamic fault trees using a new hybrid Bayesian network inference algorithm . 2008 Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation - Conference Proceedings, MED'08609 - 614 .
Fenton N, Neil M, Marsh W, Hearty P, Radlinski L, Krause P ( 2008 ) . On the effectiveness of early life cycle defect prediction with Bayesian Nets . EMPIRICAL SOFTWARE ENGINEERING vol. 13 , ( 5 ) 499 - 537 .
Neil M, Tailor M, Marquez D, Fenton N, Hearty P ( 2008 ) . Modelling dependable systems using hybrid Bayesian networks . RELIAB ENG SYST SAFE vol. 93 , ( 7 ) 933 - 939 .
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 2008 ) . Avoiding legal fallacies in practice using Bayesian networks . Conference: Seventh International Conference on Forensic Inference and Statistics ( Lausanne, Switzerland ) from: 20/08/2008 to: 23/08/2008 ,
Neil M, Tailor M, Marquez D, Fenton NE, Hearty P ( 2008 ) . Modelling dependable systems using hybrid Bayesian networks . Reliability Engineering and System Safety vol. 93 , ( 7 ) 933 - 939 .
Marquez D, Neil M, Fenton N ( 2008 ) . Solving Dynamic Fault Trees using a New Hybrid Bayesian Network Inference Algorithm . 2008 MEDITERRANEAN CONFERENCE ON CONTROL AUTOMATION, VOLS 1-4 . 1526 - 1531 .
Neil M, Marquez D, Fenton N ( 2008 ) . Using Bayesian Networks to Model the Operational Risk to Information Technology Infrastructure in Financial Institutions . Journal of Financial Transformation vol. 22 , 131 - 138 .
FENTON NE, Neil M, Marquez D ( 2008 ) . Using Bayesian Networks to Predict Software Defects and Reliability . Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O, Journal of Risk and Reliability vol. 222 , ( 4 ) 701 - 712 .
Fenton NE, Neil M, Caballero JG ( 2007 ) . Using ranked nodes to model qualitative judgments in Bayesian Networks . IEEE T KNOWL DATA EN vol. 19 , ( 10 ) 1420 - 1432 .
Radli¿ski ¿, Fenton NE, Marquez D, Hearty P ( 2007 ) . Empirical Analysis of Software Defect Types . Information Systems Architecture and Technology: Information Technology and Web Engineering: Models, Concepts & Challenges (Proceedings of 28 International ISAT Conference) , Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław ( Szklarska, Poreba, Poland ),
Radli¿ski ¿, Fenton NE, Neil M, Marquez D ( 2007 ) . Improved Decision-Making for Software Managers Using Bayesian Networks .
Fenton NE ( 2007 ) . Making Sense of Probability: Fallacies, Myths and Puzzles . Queen Mary, University of London and Agena Ltd Notes: Making Sense of Probability: Fallacies, Myths and Puzzles fenton_prob_web ,
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 2007 ) . Managing Risk in the Modern World: Bayesian Networks and the Applications . London Mathematical Society, Knowledge Transfer Report ( London ),
Radli¿ski ¿, Fenton NE, Neil M, Marquez D ( 2007 ) . Modelling Prior Productivity and Defect Rates in a Causal Model for Software Project Risk Assessment . Polish Journal of Environmental Studies vol. 16 , ( 4A ) 256 - 260 .
Fenton N, Neil M, Marsh W, Hearty P, Marquez D, Krause P, Mishra R ( 2007 ) . Predicting software defects in varying development lifecycles using Bayesian nets . INFORM SOFTWARE TECH vol. 49 , ( 1 ) 32 - 43 .
Fenton NE, Neil M, Marsh W, Hearty P, Radlinski L, Krause P ( 2007 ) . Project Data Incorporating Qualitative Factors for Improved Software Defect Prediction . Conference: ICSE PROMISE (Predictive Models in Software Engineering) 07 ( Minneapolis, USA ) from: 05/2007
Khodakarami V, Fenton N, Neil M ( 2007 ) . Project Scheduling: Improved approach to incorporate uncertainty using Bayesian Networks . Project Management Journal vol. 38 , 39 - 49 .
Neil M, Fenton N, MARSH DWR ( 2006 ) . A Software Metrics Challenge: Data for Project Prediction . Conference: 29th International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE 2007), Minneapolis, USA
Fenton N, Neil M ( 2006 ) . Comment: Expert elicitation for reliable system design . Statistical Science vol. 21 , ( 4 ) 451 - 453 .
Fenton N, Neil M ( 2006 ) . Expert elicitation for reliable system design - Comment . STAT SCI vol. 21 , ( 4 ) 451 - 453 .
Joseph A, Fenton NE, Neil M ( 2006 ) . Predicting football results using Bayesian nets and other machine learning techniques . KNOWL-BASED SYST vol. 19 , ( 7 ) 544 - 553 .
Fenton N, Wang W ( 2006 ) . Risk and confidence analysis for fuzzy multicriteria decision making . KNOWL-BASED SYST vol. 19 , ( 6 ) 430 - 437 .
FENTON NE ( 2006 ) . Report of Norman Fenton for the Technology and Construction Court, Reference HT 05 181 .
Neil M, FENTON NE ( 2006 ) . AgenaRisk . Agena Ltd
Fenton N ( 2006 ) . An alternative Internet. Radical media, politics and creativity . NEW MEDIA & SOCIETY vol. 8 , ( 1 ) 165 - 167 .
Neil M, FENTON NE, Krause P, Mishra R ( 2006 ) . Bayesian networks for software process control . IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering
Fenton NE, Radlinski L, Neil M ( 2006 ) . Improved Bayesian Networks for Software Project Risk Assessment Using Dynamic Discretisation . Software Engineering Techniques: Design for Quality (Prceedings of Software Engineering Techniques 2006, Warsaw, Poland, 17-20 Oct 2006) , Editors: Sacha, K , vol. 227 , Springer, Boston
Neil M, Tailor M, Fenton N, Marquez D, Hearty P ( 2006 ) . Modeling Dependable Systems using Hybrid Bayesian Networks . First International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES’06) . 817-823 - 817-823 .
Neill M, Tailor M, Marquez D, Fenton N, Hearty P ( 2006 ) . Modeling dependable systems using hybrid Bayesian networks . First International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, Proceedings . 817 - 821 .
Neil M, FENTON NE, Marsh W, Mishra R, Krause P ( 2006 ) . Predicting Software Defects in Varying Development Lifecycles using Bayesian Nets . Conference: ICSE (International Conference on Software Engineering) 2006, May 20-28, 2006, Shanghai, China
Neil M, Fenton N, Tailor M ( 2005 ) . Using Bayesian networks to model expected and unexpected operational losses . RISK ANAL vol. 25 , ( 4 ) 963 - 972 .
Fenton N ( 2005 ) . Contesting media power: Alternative media in a networked world . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION vol. 20 , ( 1 ) 121 - 124 .
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 2005 ) . A Critique of Software Defect Prediction Models . Machine Learning Applications in Software Engineering , Editors: Zhang, D, Tsai, JJP , World Scientific Publishing Co
Hearty P, FENTON NE, Neil M, Cates P ( 2005 ) . Automated population of causal models for improved software risk assessment . Conference: 20th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering ( Long Beach, California, USA ) from: 07/11/2005 to: 11/11/2005 , 433 - 434 .
Fenton N ( 2005 ) . Baltimore's water supply 1787-1854 - Meeting the needs of a growing city . BALTIMORE CIVIL ENGINEERING HISTORY . 65 - 100 .
NEIL MD, Fenton NE ( 2005 ) . Improved Methods for building large-scale Bayesian Networks . Conference: Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI) 2005, Edinburgh University
NEIL MD, Fenton NE ( 2005 ) . Improved Software Defect Prediction . Conference: 10th European SEPG, London
Fenton N, Marsh W, Neil M, Cates P, Forey S, Tailor M ( 2004 ) . Making resource decisions for software projects . ICSE 2004: 26TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, PROCEEDINGS . 397 - 406 .
Fenton N ( 2003 ) . Democratic Phoenix: Reinventing political activism . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION vol. 18 , ( 4 ) 529 - 532 .
Neil M, FENTON NE ( 2003 ) . Improved Programme Selection . Notes: International Patent, WO/2003/090466 ,
NEIL M, Fenton NE ( 2003 ) . Improved programme selection . no. PCT/GB2003/001604 ,
Neil M, Fenton N, Forey S, Harris R ( 2003 ) . Assessing vehicle reliability using Bayesian networks . GLOBAL VEHICLE RELIABILITY . Editors: Strutt, JE, Hall, PL , 25 - 41 .
Neil M, FENTON NE, Krause P ( 2003 ) . Software Quality Prediction Using Bayesian Networks . Software Engineering with Computational Intelligence. Khoshgoftaar, TM (ed) , Kluwer
Fenton N, Krause P, Neil M ( 2002 ) . Software measurement: Uncertainty and causal modeling . IEEE SOFTWARE vol. 19 , ( 4 ) 116 - + .
Fenton NE, Krause P, Neil M ( 2002 ) . Probabilistic Modelling for Software Quality Control . Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics vol. 12 , ( 2 ) 173 - 188 .
Fenton N, Neil M ( 2001 ) . Making decisions: using Bayesian nets and MCDA . KNOWL-BASED SYST vol. 14 , ( 7 ) 307 - 325 .
Fenton N ( 2001 ) . Viewpoint article: Conducting and presenting empirical software engineering . Empirical Software Engineering vol. 6 , ( 3 ) 195 - 200 .
Neil M, Fenton N, Forey S, Harris R ( 2001 ) . Using Bayesian belief networks to predict the reliability of military vehicles . COMPUT CONTROL ENG J vol. 12 , ( 1 ) 11 - 20 .
FENTON NE ( 2001 ) . Conducting and Presenting Empirical Software Engineering . Journal of Empirical Software Engineering vol. 6 , ( 3 ) 195 - 200 .
Fenton N, Krause P, Neil M ( 2001 ) . Probabilistic modelling for software quality control . Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (Subseries of Lecture Notes in Computer Science) . vol. 2143 , 444 - 453 .
Neil M, FENTON NE, Krause P ( 2001 ) . Software Metrics: Uncertainty and causal Modelling . Conference: EuroSPI conference, Limerick Institute of Technology
Fenton N ( 2000 ) . The problematics of postmodernism for feminist media studies . MEDIA CULTURE & SOCIETY vol. 22 , ( 6 ) 723 - + .
Neil M, Fenton N, Nielsen L ( 2000 ) . Building large-scale Bayesian networks . KNOWL ENG REV vol. 15 , ( 3 ) 257 - 284 .
Fenton NE, Ohlsson N ( 2000 ) . Quantitative analysis of faults and failures in a complex software system . IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING . vol. 26 , 797 - 814 .
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 2000 ) . Software metrics: roadmap . Editors: Finkelstein, A , Conference: ICSE 2000: Proceedings of the Conference on The Future of Software Engineering ( Limerick, Ireland ) 357 - 370 .
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 2000 ) . The Jury Fallacy and the use of Bayesian nets to simplify probabilistic legal arguments . Mathematics Today (Bulletin of the IMA) vol. 36 , ( 6 ) 180 - 187 .
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 1999 ) . A critique of software defect prediction models . Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on vol. 25 , ( 5 ) 675 - 689 .
Finney K, Fenton N, Fedorec A ( 1999 ) . Effects of structure on the comprehensibility of formal specifications . IEE Proceedings in Software vol. 146 , ( 4 ) 193 - 202 .
Deacon D, Fenton N, Bryman A ( 1999 ) . From inception to reception: the natural history of a news item . MEDIA CULTURE & SOCIETY vol. 21 , ( 1 ) 5 - + .
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 1999 ) . Software metrics: successes, failures and new directions . Journal of Systems and Software vol. 47 , ( 2-3 ) 149 - 157 .
Fenton N ( 1998 ) . Digital diversions: Youth culture in the age of multimedia . EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION vol. 13 , ( 4 ) 566 - 571 .
Fenton NE, Neil M ( 1998 ) . A strategy for improving safety related software engineering standards . Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on vol. 24 , ( 11 ) 1002 - 1013 .
Fenton NE, Littlewood B, Neil M, Strigini L, Sutcliffe A, Wright D ( 1998 ) . Assessing dependability of safety critical systems using diverse evidence . IEE Proceedings Software vol. 145 , ( 1 ) 35 - 39 .
Fenton NE ( 1998 ) . Why most software quality metrics do not measure software quality . Conference: 2nd Annual SQI Sympposium ( Austin, Texas ) from: 04/199828 - 52 .
Fenton N ( 1997 ) . Feminism, multiculturalism and the media: Global diversities - Valdivia,AN . FEMINISM & PSYCHOLOGY vol. 7 , ( 3 ) 397 - 400 .
Fenton N, Bryman A, Deacon D, Birmingham P ( 1997 ) . 'Sod off and find us a boffin': Journalists and the social science conference . SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW vol. 45 , ( 1 ) 1 - 23 .
Fenton N, Pfleeger SL ( 1997 ) . Can formal methods always deliver? . COMPUTER vol. 30 , ( 2 ) 34 - 34 .
Ohlsson N, Fenton NE ( 1997 ) . Experience with data collection in a large scale environment . Conference: Workshop on Empirical Studies of Software Maintenance (WESS 97) ( Monterey, California, USA ) 27 - 29 .
Fenton NE ( 1997 ) . How to improve safety-critical standards . Safer Systems: Proc 5th Ann Safety Critical Systems Symp , Editors: Redmill, F, Anderson, T , Springer Verlag
Hall T, Fenton NE ( 1997 ) . Implementing effective software metrics programs . Software, IEEE vol. 14 , ( 2 ) 55 - 65 .
Ohlsson N, Fenton NE ( 1997 ) . Let's start testing some basic software hypotheses! .
Kitchenham B, Pfleeger SL, Fenton N ( 1997 ) . Reply To: Comments On "towards A Framework Of Software Measurement Validation" . Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on vol. 23 , ( 3 ) 189 - 189 .
Fenton NE, Pfleeger SL ( 1997 ) . Software Metrics: A Rigorous and Practical Approach (2nd Edition) . PWS
Hall T, Fenton NE ( 1996 ) . Software quality programmes: A snapshot of theory versus reality . SOFTWARE QUALITY JOURNAL vol. 5 , ( 4 ) 235 - 242 .
Neil M, Littlewood B, Fenton NE ( 1996 ) . Applying Bayesian belief networks to systems dependability assessment . Safety-Critical Systems: the Convergence Of High Tech and Human Factors; Proceedings of the 4th Safety Critical Systems Symposium , Editors: Redmill, F , Springer Verlag
Fenton NE ( 1996 ) . Do standards improve product quality? . IEEE Software vol. 13 , ( 1 ) 22 - 24 .
Finney K, Fenton NE ( 1996 ) . Evaluating the effectiveness of using Z: the claims made about CICS and where we go from here . Journal of Systems and Software vol. 35 , ( 3 ) 206 - 219 .
Bieman JM, Fenton NE, Gustafson DA, Melton A, Ott LM ( 1996 ) . Fundamental issues in software measurement . Software Measurement , Editors: Melton, A , International Thomson Computer Press
Fenton NE, Melton A ( 1996 ) . Measurement theory and software measurement . Software Measurement , Editors: Melton, A , International Thomson Computer Press
Schneidewind NF, Fenton N ( 1996 ) . Point counterpoint: do standards improve quality? . Software, IEEE vol. 13 , ( 1 ) 22 - 24 .
Strigini L, Fenton NE ( 1996 ) . Rigorously assessing software reliability and safety .
Fenton NE ( 1996 ) . The empirical basis for software engineering . Software Measurement , Editors: Melton, A , International Thomson Computer Press
Fenton NE ( 1996 ) . The role of measurement in software safety assessment . Safety and Reliability of Software Based Systems , Editors: Shaw, R , Springer Verlag
FENTON N ( 1995 ) . WOMEN, COMMUNICATION AND THEORY - A GLIMPSE OF FEMINIST APPROACHES TO MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION STUDIES . FEMINISM & PSYCHOLOGY vol. 5 , ( 3 ) 426 - 431 .
Kitchenham B, Pfleeger SL, Fenton N ( 1995 ) . Towards a framework for software measurement validation . Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on vol. 21 , ( 12 ) 929 - 944 .
EBERT C, FENTON N ( 1994 ) . CONTROVERSY REVISITED . JOURNAL OF SYSTEMS AND SOFTWARE vol. 27 , ( 2 ) 154 - 154 .
FENTON N, PFLEEGER SL, GLASS B ( 1994 ) . WHATS WRONG WITH INCREMENTAL DEVELOPMENT - REPLY . IEEE SOFTWARE vol. 11 , ( 5 ) 8 - 8 .
Pfleeger SL, Fenton N, Page S ( 1994 ) . Evaluating software engineering standards . Computer vol. 27 , ( 9 ) 71 - 79 .
Hall T, Fenton NE ( 1994 ) . Implementing software metrics - the critical success factors . Software Quality Journal vol. 3 , ( 4 ) 195 - 208 .
Fenton NE, Pfleeger SL, Glass RL ( 1994 ) . Science and substance: a challenge to software engineers . Software, IEEE vol. 11 , ( 4 ) 86 - 95 .
Fenton NE ( 1994 ) . Software measurement: a necessary scientific basis . Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on vol. 20 , ( 3 ) 199 - 206 .
Devine C, Fenton NE, Page S ( 1993 ) . Deficiencies in existing software engineering standards as exposed by SMARTIE .
Fenton NE, Littlewood B, Page S ( 1993 ) . Evaluating software engineering standards and methods . Software Engineering: A European Perspective , Editors: Thayer, R, McGettrick, AD , IEEE Computer Society Press
Fenton NE ( 1993 ) . How effective are software engineering methods? . Journal of Systems and Software vol. 22 , ( 2 ) 93 - 100 .
Fenton NE, Page S, Devine C ( 1993 ) . Software engineering standards: evaluation and improvements .
Fenton NE, Hill G ( 1993 ) . Systems Construction and Analysis: A Mathematical and Logical Approach . Editors: Ince, D , McGraw Hill ( Maidenhead, UK ),
Fenton NE ( 1993 ) . The effectiveness of software engineering methods .
Littlewood B, Brocklehurst S, Fenton NE, Mellor P, Page S, Wright D, Dobson J, McDermid J et al. ( 1993 ) . Towards operational measures of security . Journal of Computer Security vol. 2 , 211 - 229 .
Fenton NE, Page S ( 1993 ) . Towards the evaluation of software engineering standards .
Bieman J, Fenton NE, Gustafson D, Melton A, Whitty RW ( 1992 ) . Moving from philosophy to practice in software measurement . Formal Aspects of Software Measurement , Editors: Denvir, T, Herman, R, Whitty, R , Springer Verlag
Fenton NE ( 1992 ) . Software measurement: why a formal approach? .
Fenton NE ( 1992 ) . When a software measure is not a measure . Software Engineering Journal vol. 7 , ( 5 ) 357 - 362 .
FENTON NE, WHITTY RW ( 1991 ) . PROGRAM STRUCTURES - SOME NEW CHARACTERIZATIONS . JOURNAL OF COMPUTER AND SYSTEM SCIENCES . vol. 43 , 467 - 483 .
Fenton NE, Whitty RW ( 1991 ) . Program structures: some new characterizations . J Computer and System Sciences vol. 43 , ( 3 ) 467 - 483 .
Fenton NE ( 1991 ) . Software Metrics: A Rigorous Approach . Chapman Hall ( London ),
Fenton NE, Littlewood B ( 1991 ) . Software Reliability and Metrics . Elsevier
Fenton NE ( 1991 ) . The mathematics of complexity in computing and software engineering .
Fenton NE, Kitchenham BA ( 1991 ) . Validating software measures . J Software Testing, Verification & Reliability vol. 1 , ( 2 ) 27 - 42 .
FENTON N ( 1990 ) . STREET CHILDREN . NEW STATESMAN & SOCIETY vol. 3 , ( 88 ) 7 - 7 .
Baker AL, Bieman JM, Fenton NE, Gustafson D, Melton A ( 1990 ) . A philosophy for software measurement . Journal of Systems and Software vol. 12 , ( 3 ) 277 - 281 .
Fenton NE, Melton A ( 1990 ) . Deriving structurally based software measures . Journal of Systems and Software vol. 12 , ( 3 ) 177 - 187 .
Bush M, Fenton NE ( 1990 ) . Software measurement: a conceptual framework . Journal of Systems and Software vol. 12 , ( 3 ) 223 - 231 .
Fenton NE ( 1990 ) . Software metrics: theory, tools and validation . Software Engineering Journal vol. 5 , ( 1 ) 65 - 78 .
CORNER J, RICHARDSON K, FENTON N ( 1990 ) . TEXTUALIZING RISK - TV DISCOURSE AND THE ISSUE OF NUCLEAR-ENERGY . MEDIA CULTURE & SOCIETY vol. 12 , ( 1 ) 105 - 124 .
Fenton NE, Mole D ( 1988 ) . A note on the use of Z for flowgraph decomposition . Information & Software Technology vol. 30 , ( 7 ) 432 - 437 .
Fenton NE, Kaposi AA ( 1987 ) . Metrics and software structure . Information & Software Technology vol. 29 , ( 6 ) 301 - 320 .
FENTON NE, WHITTY RW ( 1986 ) . AXIOMATIC APPROACH TO SOFTWARE METRICATION THROUGH PROGRAM DECOMPOSITION . COMPUTER JOURNAL vol. 29 , ( 4 ) 330 - 339 .
Fenton NE, Whitty RW ( 1986 ) . Axiomatic approach to software metrication through program decomposition . The Computer Journal vol. 29 , ( 4 ) 329 - 339 .
FENTON NE, WHITTY RW, KAPOSI AA ( 1985 ) . A GENERALIZED MATHEMATICAL-THEORY OF STRUCTURED PROGRAMMING . THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE vol. 36 , ( 2-3 ) 145 - 171 .
WHITTY RW, FENTON NE, KAPOSI AA ( 1985 ) . A RIGOROUS APPROACH TO STRUCTURAL-ANALYSIS AND METRICATION OF SOFTWARE . SOFTWARE & MICROSYSTEMS vol. 4 , ( 1 ) 2 - 16 .
Fenton NE, Whitty RW, Kaposi AA ( 1985 ) . A generalised mathematical theory of structured programming . Theoretical Computer Science vol. 36 , 145 - 171 .
Whitty RW, Fenton NE, Kaposi AA ( 1985 ) . A rigorous approach to structural analysis and metrication of software . IEE Software and Microsystems vol. 4 , ( 1 ) 2 - 16 .
Whitty RW, Fenton NE ( 1985 ) . An axiomatic approach to systems complexity . Designing for systems maturity , Pergamon Infotech Ltd.
FENTON N ( 1985 ) . NETWORK SERVICE FOR DATA EXCHANGE . COMPUTER COMMUNICATIONS vol. 8 , ( 5 ) 227 - 230 .
Whitty RW, Fenton NE, Kaposi AA ( 1985 ) . Structured programming: a tutorial guide . IEE Software and Microsystems vol. 3 , ( 3 ) 54 - 65 .
Fenton NE ( 1985 ) . The structural complexity of flowgraphs . Editors: Y, A, Chartrand, G, Lesniak, L, Lick et al. , Conference: Graph Theory and its applications to Algorithms and Computer Science273 - 282 .
Fenton NE ( 1984 ) . Matroid Representations: an algebraic treatment . Quart. J. Math. Oxford vol. 35 , ( 3 ) 263 - 280 .
Fenton NE ( 1984 ) . Representations of projective geometries . European J. Combinatorics vol. 5 , 123 - 126 .
FENTON N ( 1984 ) . STANDARDS FOR ELECTRONIC DATA EXCHANGE . COMPUTER COMMUNICATIONS vol. 7 , ( 4 ) 181 - 185 .
Fenton NE ( 1983 ) . Characterisation of Atomic Matroids . Quart. J. Math. Oxford vol. 34 , ( 2 ) 49 - 60 .
Fenton NE, Vamos P ( 1982 ) . Matroid interpretation of maximal k-arcs in projective spaces . Rend. di Matematica vol. 3 (2), Serie VII , 573 - 580 .
FENTON N ( 1981 ) . Representation of Matroids . Presented at: Sheffield University, Dept of Mathematics ,
Fenton NE ( 1981 ) . Representation of Matroids (PhD Thesis) . Sheffield University, Mathematics Notes: Representation of Matroids fentonphd ,